What is the full form of GAVI

The global vaccination alliance Gavi

The vaccine alliance Gavi is the main organization for funding vaccines in poorer countries. Gavi was founded in 2000 with the aim of helping poor countries immunize children with new vaccines and give them routine vaccinations. In addition, Gavi provides technical assistance and capacity building support to strengthen health systems and immunization activities. Gavi currently supports 73 countries. These include Afghanistan, Haiti, Mali, Nigeria, Pakistan, South Sudan and Chad. Gavi has received commitments of $ 8.2 billion for programs in partner countries for the years 2000 to 2017. Most of this money is spent on vaccines themselves, especially the newer and usually more expensive ones.

Gavi is a public-private partnership established by governments, multilateral organizations (such as the World Health Organization or the United Nations Children's Fund UNICEF), pharmaceutical companies, research institutions, civil society, philanthropic foundations (such as the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation ) and private individuals.

Germany has been contributing to the global vaccination alliance since 2007. For the years 2015 to 2020, the federal government has announced that it will provide a total of 500 million euros. Germany will host the vaccination alliance replenishment conference in January 2015 in Berlin.

Gavi replenishment conference in January 2015

On the occasion of Gavi's replenishment conference, MSF calls for reforms within the vaccine alliance to reach even more children with vaccines. In view of the increase in financial resources to Gavi, the federal government is also called upon to advocate reforms so that the funds can be used even more efficiently.

Doctors Without Borders' demands include:

  • Gavi should help countries implement the WHO recommended vaccination schedule

The vaccination schedule recommended by the WHO also provides for children between the ages of 12 and 24 months to be vaccinated in order to complete their basic immunization. So far, Gavi has only financed vaccinations for children up to 12 months of age, regardless of whether all recommended vaccinations have actually been carried out. Children who were not fully vaccinated before their first birthday due to the distance to health centers or other factors no longer have access to Gavi-funded vaccines.

  • Countries "graduating" from Gavi and middle-income countries must be given access to affordable vaccines

Gavi stipulates that countries whose economies are developing will gradually drop out of funding. So far, there have only been voluntary and temporary solutions for countries that will soon no longer be eligible for Gavi, i.e. go through the so-called “graduation process”. This falls short. So that these countries are not burdened twice because they lose both Gavi's support and access to Gavi-negotiated vaccine prices, a sustainable and coherent solution is required, which Gavi must initiate.

  • Gavi should use her leverage to increase access to vaccines for people in crisis contexts

Crises and conflicts often lead to the collapse of national vaccination programs. As a result, children born in crisis areas often have no access to vaccinations. As a humanitarian aid organization that provides medical care in these countries, MSF is still trying to vaccinate children. Many of the vaccinations are unaffordable for MSF. Doctors Without Borders is therefore calling for access to the much cheaper vaccines that Gavi has negotiated with the vaccine manufacturers due to their market power.

  • Gavi should use your market power to ensure that adapted vaccines are developed

Gavi has great market power. It should use this to demand adapted vaccines from the pharmaceutical industry and research, which are especially tailored to the needs of poorer countries. In particular, the development of temperature-insensitive vaccines should be initiated. Such vaccines are urgently needed in countries where maintaining a safe cold chain is difficult.

You can find more information about the campaign here.