What kind of organization is UNICEF

UN Children's Fund (UNICEF)

Source description last updated: October 2, 2019

In one sentence: The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) was founded by the United Nations General Assembly after the Second World War as the “United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund” with the aim of helping children.

Coverage on ecoi.net:

UNICEF Child Notices from UNICEF Netherlands are covered quarterly.

Other UNICEF documents are not regularly covered, but are assessed on a case-by-case basis and uploaded to ecoi.net if necessary.

Mission statement / mandate / goals:

"UNICEF was created with a purpose: to work with others and collectively remove the barriers that poverty, violence, disease and discrimination pose to a child." (UNICEF website, About UNICEF, undated, Working translation ACCORD)

“We promote the education of girls and ensure that they receive at least elementary school education [...]. We act so that all children are vaccinated against common childhood diseases and are well nourished [...]. We want to prevent the spread of HIV / AIDS among young people [...]. We help children and families affected by HIV / AIDS to live their lives in dignity. [...] We involve everyone in creating a protective environment for children. [...] We want to ensure equality for those people who are discriminated against, especially girls and women. [...] We strive for peace and security. We are committed to ensuring that everyone is responsible for the promises made to children. " (UNICEF website, About UNICEF, undated, Working translation ACCORD)

“UNICEF works in 190 countries and territories to save the lives of children, defend their rights and help them reach their potential [...] UNICEF has helped reduce child mortality around the world by helping themselves has worked to reach the most vulnerable children everywhere. [...] UNICEF works worldwide to support high quality education for every girl and boy, especially those who are in greatest danger of being left behind. [...] UNICEF is on site before, during and after emergencies and works to reach children and families with life-saving help and long-term support. [...] UNICEF works worldwide to empower girls and women and to ensure their full participation in political, social and economic systems. [...] UNICEF provides sustainable access to life-saving supplies where they are most needed [...] ”(UNICEF website, What we do, undated, Working translation ACCORD)

Financing:

“UNICEF is funded entirely through voluntary funding. Governments contribute two thirds of our resources; private groups and around 6 million individual donors bring in the rest through our national committees. " (UNICEF website, How UNICEF Works, undated, Working translation ACCORD)

“In 2017, UNICEF benefited from an income growth of 27 percent over the course of 2016, for a total of US $ 6.6 billion. US $ 4.7 billion of this amount is made up of contributions from intergovernmental organizations, inter-organizational arrangements and a total of 142 governments. This is a new record for public sector income for the organization. The three largest public sector donors to UNICEF were the United States, the United Kingdom and the European Commission. UNICEF's income from all sources can be broken down into regular resources that can be freely used and other resources that are tied to specific programs and topics. Since these are not earmarked, regular resources enable UNHCR to react quickly to new challenges and to invest in innovative solutions. [...] Global thematically linked funding enables long-term planning and sustainability and the saving of transaction costs for both UNICEF and resource partners. " (UNICEF: Annual Report 2017, 2018, page 75, Working translation ACCORD)

"Total UNICEF Income by Source and Funding Type, 2017 (in million US dollars)

  • Governments and Intergovernmental Organizations: Regular Resources $ 580 = 9%; other resources $ 3,290 = 50%
  • Private sector and non-governmental organizations: regular resources $ 706 = 11%; other sources $ 1,004 = 15%
  • Inter-organizational arrangements: other resources $ 829 = 13%; other income $ 138 = 2% ”(UNICEF: Annual Report 2017, 2018, p.76, Working translation ACCORD)


Scope of reporting:
Geographic focus: All countries
Thematic focus: Child welfare

Methodology:

“Each country office carries out UNICEF's mission through a unique collaborative program developed with the host country government. This five-year program focuses on practical ways of realizing the rights of children and women. Their needs are analyzed in a management report drawn up at the beginning of the program cycle. Regional offices lead this work and provide technical support for country offices if necessary. [...] In general, the organization is directed and administered from headquarters. This is also where the global guidelines for children are formed. Specialized offices include the supply area, which provides essentials such as most of the life-saving vaccine doses for children in developing countries. The UNICEF Global Shared Services Center in Budapest handles human resource management, payroll, accounting, payments, master data management and global help desk services for UNICEF staff and UNICEF offices around the world. UNICEF also operates the Innocenti Research Center in Florence and offices for Japan and Brussels, which help raise funds and act as a link with decision-makers. A number of people in industrialized countries find out about UNICEF's work for the first time through the activities of 34 national committees for UNICEF. These non-governmental organizations promote children's rights, raise funds, sell greeting cards and products, create important partnerships with businesses and civil society, and provide other valuable support. [...] UNICEF's work is directed and supervised by a 36-member board made up of representatives from governments. These establish guidelines, approve programs and decide on plans and budgets in the administrative and financial areas. Members are elected by the United Nations Economic and Social Council, usually for three years. " (UNICEF website, How UNICEF Works, undated, Working translation ACCORD)

“UNICEF national committees in the Netherlands, Belgium and Sweden worked on the development of child specific country of origin reports (COI). These country reports (Child Notices) describe the situation of children in migrants' countries of origin. " (UNICEF Netherlands website, Child Notices, undated, Working translation ACCORD)

“UNICEF is active in 190 countries and territories. Our enormous network enables us to pick out successful approaches from one place in the world and adapt them to challenges elsewhere. This enables results to be achieved for children and young people around the world. [...] UNICEF's work for children is made possible through strong partnerships with governments, NGOs, civil society and the private sector. " (UNICEF website, For every child, results, undated, Working translation ACCORD)

Languages ​​in which the source publishes:

Numerous languages.

Additional Information:

UNICEF: Annual Report 2017, 2018
https://www.unicef.org/publications/files/UNICEF_Annual_Report_2017.pdf

Wikipedia, Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multiple_Indicator_Cluster_Surveys

UNICEF, Fifty Years for Children
https://www.unicef.org/sowc96/50years.htm

INSEAD Knowledge, Agility Under Pressure, April 27, 2017
https://knowledge.insead.edu/operations/agility-under-pressure-5966

UNICEF: UNICEF’s Resource Development Architecture; Key Trends and Challenges, October 10, 2013
https://www.unicef.org/publicpartnerships/files/UNICEF_Transparency_and_Accountability_-_Resource_Development_and_Mobilization.pdf

UNICEF: Office of Research-Innocenti
https://www.unicef-irc.org/


Access to all links on October 2nd, 2019.