How will 5G be in India

5G: can an Indian replace the Chinese?

The Indian giant RIL wants to jump into the Huawei gap and offer its own 5G technology

After more and more countries bow to the emphatically represented American requests not to use any hardware from the Chinese company Huawei when setting up the 5G networks (see Trump's Huawei prohibition decree and The "best means" to guarantee the security of 5G) The question of alternatives to this arises in more and more countries.

So far, the Finnish Nokia and Swedish Ericsson groups have been the main replacement suppliers (although the latter has the potential problem of working with Panda Electronics - a Chinese company that has been blacklisted by the US military since June). Now Mukesh Ambani, the chairman of the largest Indian private company Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) announced at the 43rd annual meeting of his group that he is developing 5G technology, which he believes will be used not only in India but all over the world should come.

Major stakeholders Google and Facebook

RIL is a conglomerate that offers a very wide range of goods and services from pharmaceuticals to logistics. Ten years ago he took over the mobile broadband specialist Infotel, with whom he leads the Indian telecommunications market (see New Big Player in the Indian Telecom Market).

According to Ambani, the 5G technology, which should be operational within a year, is being worked out by the RIL telecommunications subsidiary Jio. Google has just acquired a 7.7 percent stake in this company and a seat on the board of directors for four and a half billion dollars (see Google is investing billions in India's digitization). An even larger American minority shareholder there is the Facebook group, which holds shares for $ 5.7 billion.

These American companies have nothing to fear from the US administration because of their investment. The US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo even praised Jio as "clean" yesterday.

Huawei has not yet issued an official statement on the announcement of the sixth richest man on earth, who has just overtaken Google founders Larry Page and Sergej Brin. Ren Zhengfei, the founder of Huawei, had previously told the BBC that if the lights go out in the west, then "the east will still shine", and if the north is dark, then there will be "still the south". If the Indian market disappears, however, both the east and the south will be a good deal smaller.

Samsung is already working on 6G

The South Korean Samsung group, which the British government approached regarding a replacement for the Huawei hardware, is already working on the successor 6G. As he announced on Wednesday, this technology could perhaps be commercially available as early as 2028. Two years earlier than previously assumed - and one year after the date by which British providers will have to replace the Huawei hardware they have already purchased.

With data rates of 1000 Gbps, 6G should be 50 times as fast as 5G and thus enable services such as "Immersive Extended Reality" (XR), mobile hi-fi holograms and "digital twins". However, it should be used more by devices than by people: 500 billion are targeted by 2030 - 64 times more than people currently live on earth. (Peter Mühlbauer)

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