How has agriculture developed in China
Welcome to the website of the Federal Foreign Office
Of the total area of 960 million hectares, around 645 million hectares are used for agriculture and forestry, of which only 134 million hectares are used as arable land. Of this, 400,000 hectares are lost for construction work every year. Around 2/3 of the arable land is used for growing grain with a decreasing tendency in favor of other fruits. Less than 0.3 hectares of land is available per rural worker.
The usable forest area will be 254 million hectares in 2020, 70 million hectares of which is due to afforestation, and the trend is increasing.
Grassland, which covers around 257 million hectares, is at great risk of erosion despite efforts to create “green belts”. The deserts, which in China total a good 270 million hectares (almost 30% of the total area), are still expanding, especially in the north and northwest. Settled areas and inland waterways take up another 45 million hectares.
Of the total population of 1.40 billion people, around 560 million live in rural areas. The proportion of the rural population has steadily declined in recent years. It is now (2020) at 40% of the population. The number of rural households is almost 200 million.
3. Employment and Income
The rural workforce is 330 million, of which 230 million work in agriculture. The number of people employed in agriculture will decrease by around 50-80 million by 2030, but will still amount to around 150 million people. The number of migrant workers continues to rise and in 2020 was 291 million (migrant workers are people who are employed outside their home province for more than six months of the year or who have non-agricultural activity within their home province for more than six months of the year) . Many farmers only work part-time on their land.
Rural incomes are currently around 12,000 RMB / year per person. The city's incomes, on the other hand, are around 35,000 RMB / year. The income of migrant workers is 32,000 RMB / year. The share of income from agriculture is falling accordingly; it now makes up significantly less than 50% of rural incomes.
The grain harvest increased from around 500 million t at the end of the 1990s to around 602 million t in 2019. The production of fruit and vegetables in 2019 was 985 million t, that of meat at 109.7 million t and that of fishery products at 65 million t. China is the world's largest milk importer and is now the third largest producer of dairy products, with 33 million tonnes being produced in 2019. Organic cultivation is increasing rapidly. It has a production value of RMB 70 billion and a 3.5% share of agricultural production. The excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides in China is problematic in this context. This amounts to a third of global consumption on less than 10% of the world's arable land and thus doubles the world average.
China is the world's largest fish producer, exporter and consumer. In 2019, the total production of fishery products in China reached 65 million tons. China continues to rely on the rapid expansion of aquaculture, which already accounts for 73% of the production of fishery products. Catches from coastal and inland waters are declining. In order to conserve stocks, fishing bans and restrictions have been introduced, including on the Yangtze River. The Chinese government is promoting the development and expansion of fishing activities in the coastal waters of other countries and in the high seas. In this context, the Chinese deep-sea fishing fleet is constantly being massively increased and modernized.
China is the world's largest importer and exporter of wood. A third of all wood plantation fields worldwide are in China. China covers half of the demand, especially for the pulp industry and wood fiber board production, through imports. After decades of overexploitation of the forests, annual logging quotas have now been set in order to protect the wood resources.
To protect against flooding and erosion, logging bans and restrictions as well as extensive reforestation programs have been introduced in large parts of the country.
7. Foreign trade
Agriculture only plays a subordinate role in China's foreign trade with a share of just under 5%. With exports of US $ 79.1 billion and imports of US $ 150.97 billion, the country was again the clear net importer of agricultural products in 2019. The trade deficit of US $ 71.87 billion rose significantly by around 26.5% compared to the previous year.
8. Social security
The social security of the rural population is completely inadequate. A pension does not exist; Instead, farmers are directed to their land use rights. Only every 10th rural resident is insured. Less than 30% of health care resources are available to them.
- What is Corporate Social Responsibility CSR
- Have you ever pissed off your pet?
- What are some ways to tone color
- What is the hottest curry
- What are the smartest shortcuts in life
- There will be another Elder Scrolls game
- How does it look forever
- How was Huma Abedin's early life
- What is your personal storage backup plan
- Why is the trade term important
- What is 360 in branding
- Can kill injecting sugar water
- Is there a career in NRTI
- How do I avoid envy in life
- Which companies have implemented the digital transformation?
- How intelligent are garden birds
- What basketball position am I
- Who is your favorite sociologist
- What was Paganini's illness
- Is there a preservation of information
- Can I get my WhatsApp verification code?
- Cheerleading and tumbling the same thing
- All NIT students get jobs abroad
- Is Rh the same as A.
- What is Interpol and its function
- Do you know the video game Splatoon
- What are some books on astrophysics
- How many volts are in 10000 mah
- Does anyone believe their teenagers are selfish?
- Why do pennies spin while spinning
- How much does a presidential campaign cost
- Why do I need a camera lens
- Spain is a desert
- Why are there so many Indian YouTubers