Where does Dubstep 1 come from

Dubstep - Dubstep

Genre of electronic dance music that originated in south London

Dubstep is a genre of electronic dance music that originated in south London in the early 2000s. It is generally characterized by sparse, syncopated rhythmic patterns with distinctive sub-bass frequencies. The style originated as an offshoot of the British garage and drew on a number of related styles such as 2-step and dub reggae, as well as jungle, broken beat and grime. In the UK, the genre's origins can be traced back to the growth of the Jamaican sound system party scene in the early 1980s.

In 2001, this tone and other strains of garage music began to be showcased and promoted on the "Forward" night and on the (sometimes stylized as FWD >>) in London's Plastic People nightclub, pirate radio station Rinse FM, which went on to significantly influence the development of dubstep. The term "dubstep" in relation to a music genre was used by labels such as Big Apple, Ammunition and Tempa from around 2002. It was at this point that the style trends used in these remixes became more apparent and differentiated from 2-step and dirt.

A very early proponent of the sound was BBC Radio 1 DJ John Peel, who started playing it in 2003. In 2004, the final year of his show, his listeners voted Distance, Digital Mystikz and Plastician as their top 50 of the year. Dubstep started entering British popular culture when it spread beyond small local scenes in late 2005 and early 2006. Many websites dedicated to the genre appeared on the internet and aided the growth of the scene, such as the dubstep forum, the download site Barefiles, and blogs such as Gutterbreakz. At the same time, the genre received extensive coverage in music magazines such as The Wire and online publications such as Pitchfork with the regular title The Month In: Grime / Dubstep . Interest in dubstep grew significantly after BBC Radio 1 DJ Mary Anne Hobbs began advocating the genre, beginning with a show dedicated to him (titled "Dubstep Warz") in January 2006.

In the late 2000s and early 2010s, the genre began to gain commercial success in the UK as more singles and remixes hit the music charts. Music journalists and critics also noted a dubstep influence in the work of several pop artists. It was around this time that producers began fusing elements of the original dubstep sound with other influences, creating fusion genres like Future Garage and the slower and more experimental post-dubstep. The harder brostep with electro house and heavy metal influence, led by American producers like Skrillex, contributed significantly to the popularity of dubstep in the USA.


Excerpt to demonstrate the rhythmic tension between drum rhythm and bass line. This song features a very sparse rhythm composed almost entirely of kick-drum, snare drum, and a sparse hi-hat, with a clearly halftime implied 71bpm tempo. The track is instead powered by a sub-bass that follows a 142 bpm pattern of four to the floor.

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The music website Allmusic has described Dubstep's overall sound as "tightly rolled-up productions with overwhelming bass lines and reverberant drum patterns, clipped samples and the occasional singing." According to Simon Reynolds, dubstep of the ingredients originally came from "various points in the 1989-99 UK line: bleep 'n' bass, jungle, techstep, Photek-style neurofunk, speed garage. [And] 2 step," Reynolds comments on that Traces of already existing styles "through their intrinsic sound effects, but also as signifiers, as signs that acted on those are directed, who know ".

Dubstep's early roots lie in the more experimental releases of British garage producers who try to incorporate elements of drum and bass into the 2-step garage sound. These experiments often ended up on the B-side of a white label or commercial garage. Dubstep is generally instrumental. Much like a vocal garage hybrid - grime - the feel of the genre is usually dark. Tracks often use a minor key or Phrygian mode and can have dissonant harmonies such as the tritone interval within a riff. Compared to other types of garage music, dubstep is more minimalistic and focuses on outstanding sub-bass frequencies. Some dubstep artists have also considered a variety of outside influences, from dub-influenced techno like Basic Channel to classical music or heavy metal.


Dubstep rhythms are usually syncopated and often mixed or contain tuplets. The tempo is almost always in the 138 to 142 beats per minute range, with a clap or loop typically inserted every third beat of a measure. In the early stages, dubstep was often more percussive, with more influences from two-step drum patterns. Many producers also experimented with tribal drum samples, such as Loefah's early release "Truly Dread" and Mala's "Anti-War Dub".

In one Invisible jukebox Interview with The Wire , Kode9 commented on an MRK1 track of observing that the listeners "have internalized the rhythm rapid pace" and the "track is so empty makes it [the listeners] nervous, and you almost double in time to physically compensate".

Wobbly bass

A characteristic of certain dubstep strands is the wobble bass, which is often referred to as "wub" and in which an extended bass note is rhythmically manipulated. This type of bass is usually created by using a low frequency oscillator to manipulate certain parameters of a synthesizer such as volume, distortion, or filter cutoff. The resulting sound is a timbre interrupted by rhythmic variations in volume, filter cutoff, or distortion. This style of bass is a driving factor in some dubstep variations, especially on the more club-friendly end of the spectrum. Wobble bass was called a wobble step.

Structure, bass dropouts, rewind and MCs

Originally, dubstep releases had some structural similarities with other genres such as drum and bass and UK garage. Typically this includes an intro, a main section (often with a bass drop), a middle section, a second main section similar to the first (often with a different drop), and an outro.

Many early dubstep tracks contain one or more "bass drops," a property that was inherited from drum and bass. Typically, the percussion is paused, often reducing the track to silence, and then continuing with greater intensity, accompanied by a dominant sub-bass (often portamento through an entire octave or more, as in the audio example). It is very common for the bass to drop into the song at or near 55 seconds, as 55 seconds is a little over 32 bars at the usual 140 beats per minute tempo. However, this (or the presence of a bass drop in general) is by no means an entirely rigid property, but rather a trope; Much of the groundbreaking melodies from producers like Kode9 and Horsepower Productions have more experimental song structures that don't rely on a drop for a dynamic peak - and in some cases have no bass drop at all.

Rewind (or reload) is another technique used by dubstep DJs. If a song seems to be particularly popular, the DJ "turns" the record back by hand without lifting the pen and plays the song again. Rewind is also an important live element in many of the forerunners of dubstep. The technology originally comes from dub reggae sound systems, is often used by pirate radio stations and is also used on British garage and jungle nights.

The MC's role in Dubstep's live experience is vital to its impact, as it takes its cue from Jamaica's lyrical sparse DJ and nudges microphone styles in the style of reggae pioneers like U-Roy.

Notable mainstays in the live experience of sound are MC Sgt Pokes and MC Crazy D from London, as well as Juakali from Trinidad. Production in a studio setting seems to lend itself to more experimentation. Kode9 has worked extensively with the Spaceape, who works in a dread poet style. Kevin Martin's experiments with the genre are almost exclusively collaborations with MCs like Warrior Queen, Flowdan and Tippa Irie. Skream also has Warrior Queen and grime artist JME on his debut album Skream! . Plastician, one of the first DJs to mix the sounds of grime and dubstep together, has partnered with the notable grime setup Boy Better Know as well as renowned grime MCs like Wiley, Dizzee Rascal and Lethal Bizzle. He's also released tracks with a dubstep base and grime verse over the beats. Dubstep artist and label co-owner Sam Shackleton has turned to productions that are outside the usual dubstep pace and that sometimes completely lack most of the common tropes of the genre.


1999–2002: Origins

The early sounds of proto-dubstep originally came from productions between 1999 and 2000 by producers such as Oris Jay, El-B, Steve Gurley and Zed Bias. Ammunition Promotions, who run the influential club Night Forward >> and who have run many proto-dubstep record labels (including Tempa, Soulja, Road, Vehicle, Shelflife, Texture, Lifestyle, and Bingo) began to use the term "Dubstep" to describe him This style of music was used around 2002. The use of the term in a XLR8R- 2002 cover story (with Horsepower Productions on the cover) helped establish it as the name of the genre.

Forward >> was originally held at the Velvet Rooms in Soho, London, and later moved to Plastic People in Shoreditch, east London. Forward >> was founded in 2001 and was instrumental in the development of Dubstep. It was the first venue dedicated to sound and an environment where dubstep producers could premier new music. Around this time, Forward >> also incubated several other strains of darker garage hybrids, so in the early days of the club, the coming together of these strains was referred to as "Forward >> -Sound". An online flyer from that time encapsulated the Forward >> sound as "B-Lines to Make Your Chest Cave Shiver".

Forward >> also ran a radio show on pirate station Rinse FM in east London, hosted by Kode9. The original Forward >> lineups included Hatcha, Youngsta, Kode 9, Zed Bias, Oris Jay, Slaughter Mob, Jay Da Flex, DJ Slimzee, and others, as well as regulars. The lineup of residents has changed over the years and includes Youngsta, Hatcha, Geeneus, and Plastician with Crazy D as the MC / host. Producers like D1, Skream and Benga perform regularly.

Another crucial element in the early development of dubstep was the Big Apple Records record store in Croydon. Major artists like Hatcha and later Skream worked in the business (which initially sold British hardcore / rave, techno and house, and later garage and drum and bass, but evolved with the burgeoning dubstep scene in the area), while Digital Mystikz were frequent Visitor. El-B, Zed Bias, Horsepower Productions, Plastiker, N Type, Walsh and a young Loefah also visited the store regularly. The store and its record label have now closed.

2002–05: evolution

Dubstep producer Skream, one of the most famous names in the scene since the beginning of the dubstep movement.

Throughout 2003, DJ Hatcha took a new direction for dubstep on Rinse FM and through his sets on Forward >>. He played sets that were tailored to 10-inch reggae-style dubplates and drew solely from a pool of new producers in South London - first Benga and Skream, then Digital Mystikz and Loefah - to create a dark, truncated and minimal new one Heading towards dubstep.

In late 2003, independent of the groundbreaking FWD night, an event called Filthy Dub was held, jointly promoted by Plastician and partner David Carlisle. There Skream, Benga, N Type, Walsh, Chef, Loefah and Cyrus made their debut as DJs. The south London collective Digital Mystikz (Mala and Coki) as well as label colleagues and employees Loefah and MC Sgt Pokes soon got their money's worth and brought sound system thinking, dub values ​​and appreciation of the jungle bass weight to the dubstep scene. Digital Mystikz brought an expanded range of sounds and influences to the genre, most notably reggae and dub, as well as orchestral melodies.

After releasing 12-inch singles on the Big Apple, they formed DMZ Records, which has released fourteen 12-inch singles to date. They also started their nightly DMZ, held bimonthly in Brixton, a part of London already heavily linked to reggae. DMZ has introduced new dubstep artists like Skream, Kode 9, Benga, Pinch, DJ Youngsta, Hijak, Joe Nice and Vex'd away as Sweden, the United States and Australia, resulting in a queue of 600 people at the event. This forced the club to move from its regular 400-seat space to the main room of the show, an event that has been dubbed a pivotal moment in Dubstep's history. Mala later founded the influential Deep Medi Musik label.

In 2004 Richard James' label Rephlex released two compilations that included dubstep tracks - the (possibly misnamed) Grime and Grime 2 . The first featured Plasticman, Mark One and Slaughter Mob, while the second featured Kode 9, Loefah and Digital Mystikz. These compilations helped raise awareness of dubstep at a time when the grime sound was attracting more attention, and the presence of Digital Mystikz and Loefah at the second release contributed to the success of their DMZ club night. Soon after, he commented Independent on Sunday "a whole new sound" at a time when both genres were becoming popular, explaining that "grime" and "dubstep" were two names for the same style also known as "sublow", "" 8-bar " and "eskibeat".

2005-08: growth

Dubstep Section at Black Market Records, Soho, London.

In the summer of 2005, Forward >> brought grime DJs to the fore. Building on the success of Skream's dirty anthem "Midnight Request Line", the hype surrounding the DMZ night, and support from online forums (especially dubstepforum.com) and media, the scene gained prominence after the former Radio 1 DJ Mary Anne Hobbs had gathered top personalities from the scene for a show called "Dubstep Warz" (later release of the compilation album Warrior Dubz ). The show created a new global audience for the scene after years of exclusively British underground buzz. Burial's self-titled album appears in the "Best of ..." lists of many critics of the year, especially in The Wires best album of 2006. The sound was also featured prominently in the soundtrack of the 2006 science fiction film Children of Men, including Digital Mystikz, Random Trio, Kode 9, Pressure and DJ Pinch. Ammunition also published the first retrospective compilation of the dubstep era 2000-2004 entitled The roots of dubstep compiled by Ammunition and Blackdown on the Tempa label.

Sound's first North American ambassador, Baltimore DJ Joe Nice, helped boost its spread across the continent. Regular dubstep club nights popped up in cities like New York, San Francisco, Seattle, Montreal, Houston and Denver, while Mary Anne Hobbs curated a dubstep storefront at the 2007 Sónar Festival in Barcelona. Non-British artists have also been lauded in the larger dubstep community. The dynamic dubstep scene in Japan is growing rapidly despite its cultural and geographical distance from the West. DJs / producers like Goth-Trad, Hyaku-mado, Ena and Doppelganger are important figures on the Tokyo scene. Joe Nice played in the DMZ, while the fifth episode of Tempa's mix series "Dubstep Allstars" (released 2007) included tracks by Finnish producer Tes La Rok and American JuJu and Matty G.

Techno artists and DJs began to incorporate dubstep into their sets and productions. Shackleton's "Blood on My Hands" was remixed by minimal techno producer Ricardo Villalobos (an act reciprocated when Villalobos included a Shackleton mix on his "Vasco" EP) and on a mix CD by Cassy from Panoramabar recorded. Ellen Alliens and Apparats 2006 song "Metric" (from the Orchestra of Bubbles album), Modeselector's "Godspeed" (from the Happy Birthday! Album 2007, including tracks on the same album) and Roman Flugels remix of Riton 's "Hammer of Thor" are further examples of dubstep-influenced techno. Berlin's Hard Wax record store (run by influential dub techno artists Basic Channel) also campaigned for Shackleton's label Skull Disco and later expanded its focus to other dubstep releases.

In the summer of 2007, Dubstep's music palette was expanded further. Benga and Coki scored a crossover hit (similar to Skream's "Midnight Request Line") titled "Night," which was widely used by DJs in various genres. BBC Radio 1 DJ Gilles Peterson called it his 2007 album, and it was also a huge hit in the equally bassline-oriented but significantly more down-to-earth genre of bassline house during Burials in late 2007 Untrue published (which was nominated for the 2008 Nationwide Mercury Music Prize in Great Britain. Burial has spoken extensively about his intention to reintegrate elements of musical precursors such as 2-step garage and house into his sound.

Similar to drum and bass before it, dubstep began to integrate with other media. In 2007, Benga, Skream and other dubstep producers provided the soundtrack for much of the second series of dubplate drama, which aired on Channel 4 with a soundtrack CD that was later released on Rinse Recordings. A Skream track was also in the second series of the teen drama See skins which also aired on Channel 4 in early 2008.

In the summer of 2008, Mary Anne Hobbs invited Cyrus, Starkey, Oneman, DJ Chef, Silkie Quest, Joker, Nomad, Kulture and MC Sgt Pokes to the BBC's studios called Maida Vale for a show Generation of bass . The show was the evolution of their groundbreaking BBC Radio 1 Dubstep Black Show in 2006 and documented another group of dubstep producers.

Silkie and Quest, along with Kromestar and Heny G, all came through the anti-social entertainment crew with a show on Rinse FM and later on Flex FM.

As the genre evolved into an international rather than a UK-focused scene, a number of women have also made progress on the scene in a variety of ways. In addition to Soulja of Ammunition Promotions and Mary Anne Hobbs, an influx of female producers, writers, photographers and DJs has established itself in the previously male-oriented scene. With major 12-inch releases on Hyperdub, Immigrant and Hotflush Recordings, producers Vaccine, Subeena and Ikonika have introduced a range of new sounds and influences to the genre, including double-time bass drums, 8-bit video game samples, hand percussion and lush arranged strings. Mary Anne Hobbs noted that unlike "Grime and Drum 'n' Bass Raves," the vibe on dubstep nights is less aggressive or more meditative, resulting in greater female participation in events than the forerunners of the genre. You can see that the ratio of women to men is increasing all the time - it has the potential to be 40:60 ".

2009-2014: Mainstream popularity

Dubstep's influence on more commercial or popular genres can be seen as early as 2007 when artists like Britney Spears started using dubstep sounds. Critics observed a dubstep influence in the song "Freakshow" from the 2007 album " Blackout" Tom Ewing built as "around the" wobbler "effect that is a genre standby". Benga and Coki's single "Night" continued to be a popular stretch on the UK dance charts in late 2007, more than a year after its release, still in the top five ranking at the beginning of April 2008 on Pete Tong's BBC Radio 1 dance card list .

In 2009, however, the dubstep sound gained further recognition worldwide, often through the assimilation of elements of the sound into other genres, similar to what was previously done with drum and bass. At the beginning of the year the British electronic duo La Roux put their single "In for the Kill" in the remix hands of Skream. Then they gave Nero remix duties of "I'm Not Your Toy" and then again with their single "Bulletproof," which was remixed by Zinc. In the same year the London producer Silkie released an influential album, City Limits Vol. 1. 1 , on the Deep Medi Musik label, using funk and soul reference points from the 1970s, a departure from the familiar varieties of Dub and UK Garage. The sound continued to interest the mainstream press with important articles in magazines such as interview , new York and The Wire which featured producer Kode9 on his May 2009 cover. XLR8R put Joker on the cover of its December 2009 issue.

UKF Dubstep, a YouTube channel brand, was founded in April 2009 by Luke Hood, who was introducing dubstep to many young generations internationally at the time. UKF Dubstep exploded in popularity as the music genre reached the mainstream. In November 2010 the channel had 100,000 subscribers and since November 2019 over a million. "UKF has established and emerging producers from around the world, including artists from Flux Pavilion / Knife Party to Friction / Hybrid Minds. We have received a large amount of music so it is our job to select the best to upload to the channel In just over 3 years our channels have more than 2 million subscribers and 4 channels - UKF Dubstep, Drum & Bass, Music and Mixes. The audience is getting more and more international and younger. "Luke said in an interview with SoSoActive.

In a move announced by sound support from R&B, hip-hop and more recently mainstream personalities like Rihanna or Hank Shocklee of The Bomb Squad, Snoop Dogg worked with dubstep producers Chase & Status and delivered one voice for her "underground" anthem, "Eastern Jam." 2011 Britney Spears track "Hold It Against Me" was also responsible for promoting dubstep tropes in pop music. Rihannas Rated R- Album released such content the year dubstep saw a spike that contained three dubstep tracks. Such events drove the genre into major radio markets overnight, with considerable airplay. Other hip-hop artists like Xzibit took their vocals to dubstep instrumental tracks for the mixtape project Mr Grustle & Tha Russian Dubstep LA Embrace The Renaissance Vol. 2 added. 1 Mixed by Plastician . In the summer of 2009, rapper and actress Eve Bengas used "E Trips"; Adding her own verse over the beat to create a new tune called "Me N My"; the first single on their album flirt . The track was co-produced by Benga and hip-hop producer Salaam Remi.

Throughout 2010, dubstep's presence on the pop charts was notable. Magnetic Man's "I Need Air" peaked at number 10 on the UK singles chart. This was a turning point in mainstream dubstep's popularity with British listeners when it was put into rotation on BBC Radio 1. "Katy on a Mission" by Katy B (produced by Benga) followed, debuted at number 5 on the UK singles chart and stayed in the top 10 for another five weeks. Also in 2010, American producer Skrillex achieved moderate commercial success in North America with a dubstep influenced sound. By 2011 had his EP Scary Monsters and Nice Sprites reached third place on the US Billboard Dance / Electronic Albums chart. In February 2011, Chase & Status reached 'second album No More Idols Number 2 on the UK album charts. On May 1, 2011, Nero's third single "Guilt" from her album reached number 8 on the official UK Singles Chart. DJ Fresh and Nero had the number one singles in 2011 with "Louder" and "Promises". Strong baselines imported from dubstep continued into pop music with the Taylor Swift song "I Knew You Were Trouble," which was # 1 on Billboard's US Mainstream Top 40 chart.

2011: Post-Dubstep

In early 2011, the term "post-dubstep" (sometimes referred to as "UK bass" or simply "bass music") was used to describe club music that has been influenced by certain aspects of dubstep. Such music often refers to previous dubstep productions as well as British garage, 2-step and other forms of underground electronic dance music. Artists who produce music known as post-dubstep have also incorporated elements of ambient music and early R&B. The latter in particular is heavily sampled by three artists known as post-dubstep: Mount Kimbie, Fantastic Mr Fox, and James Blake. The tempo of music, which is typically characterized as post-dubstep, is around 130 beats per minute.

The breadth of styles associated with the term post-dubstep precludes it from being a specific genre of music. Pitchfork writer Martin Clark has suggested that "well-intentioned attempts to loosely define the ground we cover here are somewhat futile and almost certainly flawed. This is not a single genre. Given the links, the interaction, and the free flowing ideas ... you can't dismiss all of these acts as unrelated "The Mount Kimbie production duo is often associated with the emergence of the term post-dubstep. English music producer Jamie xx released remixes that are considered post-dubstep, including We are New Here (2011), a Gil Scott-Heron remix album.

2011: Brostep and American developments

In 2011, dubstep gained through a post-dubstep style known as the Brostep is known , gaining importance in the US market. The American producer Skrillex became something of a "figurehead" for the scene. In September 2011, Brostep became one Spin Magazine EDM-Special referred to as a "staggering and aggressive" variant of Dubstep, which has proven to be commercially successful in the USA. In contrast to traditional dubstep production styles, in which the sub-bass content is in the foreground, Brostep emphasizes the middle register and shows "robot swaying and metallic aggression". According to Simon Reynolds, the subsonic content has been gradually replaced with distorted bass riffs that work roughly in the same register as the electric guitar in heavy metal as dubstep gained larger audiences and moved from smaller clubs to larger outdoor events.

The term Brostep has been used by some as a derogatory descriptor for a style of popular Americanized dubstep. The producer known as Rusko claimed in an interview on BBC Radio 1Xtra that "Brostep is my fault, but now I've started to kind of hate it ... It's like someone is screaming in your face ... you attract don't want that. "According to a BBC review of his 2012 album Songs the record was a muddled attempt by Rusko to realign his music with a "Jamaican heritage" and to distance it from the "burping, aggressive, resolutely machoist" dubstep produced by his contemporaries.

Commenting on the success of American producers like Skrillex, Skream commented: "I think it hurts a lot of people here because it's a British sound, but it was someone with influences outside of the original sound that made it a lot bigger on the bad side of it is that a lot of people will just say, "Dubstep is Skrillex". But honestly, I really don't mind. I like the music he makes. "Other North American artists who were originally associated with the Brostep sound were the Canadian producers Datsik and Excision. Their production style was influenced by Mixmag described as "a viciously hard but brilliantly produced sound that appealed to Marilyn Manson and Nine Inch Nails fans more than fans of the British garage". The Brostep sound also caught the attention of metal bands. The 2011 album The Path of Totality the Nu-metal band Korn has several collaborations with electronic music producers, including Skrillex and Excision.

2012–2013: Riddim

In the early 2010s, British artists began playing with a style of dubstep reminiscent of a resurgence or continuation of the original British dubstep styles. This became known as Riddim, a name coined by British producer Jakes around 2012. The name comes from the Jamaican patois term Riddim which refers to the instrumental of dub, reggae and dancehall music. Riddim is characterized by repetitive and minimalist sub-bass and triplet percussion arrangements that are similar to the original dubstep and have a sound that is referred to as "wobbly". Riddim is seen as a sub-genre of dubstep, much like other sub-genres such as bro-step, drum-step, and wobble-step. It gained popularity from 2015. It is said that those who like this style of music refer to it as the "dirtier, more boastful" side of dubstep, while those who look at it from the outside claim it is "repetitive and chaotic". . Notable artists in the genre include Subfiltronik, Bukez Finezt, P0gman, Badklaat, 50 Carrot, Dubloadz, and Coffi. Notable tracks in the genre are "Yasuo" by Bommer and Crowell, "Orgalorg" by Infekt and "Jotaro" by Phiso. There has been controversial discussion about the fact that riddim is not its own genre and that it's just dubstep. Riddim producer Oolacile explains, "A lot of people who have been around much longer have a different idea of ​​what riddim is. Older fans see riddim as the boggy, repetitive sound, and newer fans will associate riddim with the sound of the underground . " ""

2014 - present: decline in popularity in the mainstream

From mid-2014 onwards, dubstep's mainstream popularity dropped dramatically, especially in the United States, where many formerly successful dubstep artists became popular. Artists like Skrillex, for example, produced tracks for trap and pop artists, while artists like Mount Kimbie and James Blake shifted their sounds from post-dubstep to more experimental or soulful electronically influenced music. Early influencers and pioneers of dubstep like Skream and Loefah have moved away from the genre and turned to other genres instead. Loefah stopped playing and producing dubstep and switched to British bass. He founded his record label Swamp81. Skream turned away from dubstep, opting instead to produce and play house and techno music in his DJ sets, and released various techno songs on Alan Fitzpatrick's record label We Are The Brave.

See also


External links

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