What was Charles Manson charged with?

The Sect leader Charles Manson was born in 1934 to a drug addict prostitute, Kathleen Maddox. The identity of his birth father, with whom his mother had never had a relationship, was never revealed to Charles. Little Charles got his last name from his stepfather, whom his mother married shortly after he was born. After his mother was convicted of armed robbery, Charles Manson grew up with constantly changing relatives. Initially, Manson was brought to live with his grandparents, and later with aunt and uncle. They raised the little boy in a strictly religious manner. The rhetorically gifted Manson should never learn to read or write correctly.

Manson, who became a criminal early on, had to serve his first sentence at 16. He was convicted of theft, pimping and credit card fraud. In prison, Manson, who was below average for a man at 1.57 meters, quickly succumbed to the harassment of his fellow inmates. But Manson was just as conspicuous, for example in 1952 he forced a fellow inmate to have anal intercourse by force. As a result, he was not granted the hoped-for shortening of his prison term and was only released on parole in 1954. This was done because of good leadership. At the age of 19, Manson married Rosalie Jean Willis, who gave birth to a son. Manson got a job as a parking lot attendant, but soon relapsed after stealing items from automobiles. Parole was revoked in 1956. His wife filed for divorce, which triggered an attempt to escape from a stolen car. In 1958 Manson was released from prison again after a longer prison term due to the attempt to escape. The released man worked as a pimp. In 1960 he was sentenced to ten years in prison for this and other offenses. After seven years in prison, he was released in 1967.

From musician to sect leader

Manson, who was already in the jail had a great affinity for the Beatles, began performing as a street musician on the west coast of the United States after his release. He gave several concerts with other musicians from the hippie community he had joined. Soon he started his own commune, which he called "The Manson Family". This consisted of about twenty people, who were mainly female and who, like him, came from poorly protected families. Children, like Manson's son, also belonged to the group. The commune consisted of a nuclear family of twenty people. Other members came and went. Charles Manson's philosophy was very different from other hippies. He was a racist who did not allow blacks as members and who also rejected music by colored musicians. He banned glasses and meat consumption, but regularly used LSD to pend the group.

Paradoxically, it was mostly women who were members of it Commune wanted to be, even though Manson openly believed that women had no soul. He determined that they should only be of use in the role of servant. Often so many women wanted to join that Manson let the lot decide who could join. The commune, through Manson's crude ideas and control, quickly developed into a sect that Manson unconditionally obeyed. This predicted that African Americans would start a riot and race war in 1969. The blacks would begin this and survival would only be possible within the Manson family.

In addition, the blacks would soon recognize Manson's superiority and make him the unrestricted ruler of the world. The valley of death is the entrance to paradise and there you can survive the race war to which the Beatles song "Helter-Skelter" refers. The Beatles and Jesus would later lead those present to heaven. In addition, Manson referred to himself as the dualism of Satan and Jesus, as well as the rebirth of the Satanist and cultist Aleister Crowley. The trigger for the murders of the Manson Family was the non-occurrence of unrest. Manson then wanted to show the black population how to kill white people.

An increase in violence

Increasingly violent in 1968, Manson issued the first in July 1969 Order to murder. The goal was Gary Hinman, a musician and friend of the Manson Family. Since supposedly unusable mescaline had supplied him, he was tortured by Susan Atkins, Bobby Beausoleil and Mary Brunner and later killed out of greed. Manson participated in the torture but left the scene before the murder. With the help of a bloody paw print, the suspicion should be directed to the "Black Panthers", a black movement. When Beausoleil was found covered in blood in Hinman's car, he was immediately suspected of the crime and arrested. Manson's goal of starting the longed-for race war with this murder did not come true.

The group received the greatest media attention in 1969 with the murder of Roman Polanski's pregnant wife Sharon Tate. Everyone in the house was killed by numerous gunshots and knife wounds by Susan Atkins, Linda Kasabian, Patricia Krenwinkel and Charles Watson. Susan Atkins also wrote "PIG" on the door of the house with the blood of the murdered Tate. This murder was followed by the “LaBianca double murder” the next day. The Italian supermarket owner and his wife were killed in their Los Angeles mansion. The perpetrators here were Tex Watson, the violent Patricia Krenwinkel and Leslie Van Houten, who has not yet become a murderer. This time, too, the walls were smeared with the victims' blood. "Helter Skelter" was one of the words that came up later.

Initially, these murders were investigated separately. The culprit was ultimately revealed by Susan Atkins, who bragged about having committed the Tate murders. The disappearance of Donald Shea could also be traced back to the Manson Family at the end of the investigation. The group was first arrested in August 1969 on suspicion of car theft and was released due to a formal error. Manson and his followers moved to a ranch in Death Valley National Park. In October 1969, the Manson family was arrested there after the group set fire to a road construction machine. So Manson and his group members were arrested for arson and aggravated theft. In the weeks following the arrest, it became apparent that Manson and his family had committed the murders.

Trial and sentence

The 1970 trial of Manson and his accomplices was of great media interest, for which the cruelty and the absurdity responsible for the deeds, but also the shocking behavior of the group. Manson, Atkins, Krenwinkel and Van Houten were charged. The main witness was Linda Kasabian. The trial was the longest criminal case in US history. The four defendants were sentenced to death in the gas chamber in 1971, and the death penalty was declared unconstitutional in 1972. The death penalty was commuted to life imprisonment. After various assassinations on Manson, he was transferred to San Quentin in 1985 and has since remained in California State Prison. Manson, who continues to be a musician, has no regrets. His twelfth application for parole was denied in 2012.

Manson as a cult figure

Manson will be in the Pop Culture often received. This ranges from cultic veneration to serious discussion of the subject. The artist Marylin Manson, for example, whose name is derived from the surname Charles Manson and the diva Marilyn Monroe's first name, sees his name as a criticism of American society. He wants to criticize the star cult.

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