What is the PSA law

PPE Usage Ordinance (PSA-BV): What does it mean?

There is one in a wide variety of professional fields certain work clothes required. So is from Lawyers for example, she expects a suit wear, doctors are in turn with a white coat associated. However, it must be differentiated whether the respective clothing is only one uniform appearance should convey or whether it is the Occupational safety during dangerous activities serves.

Such Protective clothing comes mainly in craft professions, industry or the medical field for use. According to the Occupational Safety and Health Act, the employer is obliged to wear protective clothing for his employees to be made available free of charge. The regulations regarding this clothing are in the "Ordinance on safety and health protection when using personal protective equipment at work" (in short: PPE Usage Ordinance or PPE-BV).

In a nutshell: PPE usage regulations

What is the purpose of the PPE Usage Ordinance?

The PPE Usage Ordinance (PSA-BV) requires the employer to provide personal protective clothing and use it by the employee. It is used for occupational health and safety.

What is considered personal protective equipment according to the PPE usage ordinance?

You can find out what is and is not considered personal protective equipment here.

What requirements must personal protective equipment meet in accordance with PPE-BV?

The PPE Usage Ordinance stipulates certain requirements for protective equipment so that it can fulfill its purpose during use. You can find information on these requirements here.

In this guide we offer you information about the Requirements for personal protective equipment according to PSA-BV, explain where the regulation is at all Applieswhat about the different categories has to do with and what Obligations for the employer it brings with it.


What exactly is the PPE Usage Ordinance responsible for?

The PPE regulation applies in principle to all areas of work in which the safety of employees can only be guaranteed by special protective clothing. It can be two Main pillar make out, with one den employer and the other the Workers concerns:

  1. Provision of personal protective equipment by the employer
  2. Use of personal protective equipment by employees when they go about their work
On the one hand, the regulation is intended to ensure that employers provide their employees with the necessary protective clothing and on the other hand that the Employees also use them. What loud PSA-BV is considered personal protective equipment, you will find out below.

What does personal protective equipment include?

Depending on which Risks in the workplace lurking, the equipment required also varies: Safety shoes, breathing masks, helmets or protective goggles are just a few examples. But which of them counts according to PPE Usage Ordinance for personal protective equipment? In Section 1 (2) PSA-BV any equipment which the wearer or user is considered to be Protection against a risk to health and safety serves as such.

Since this is a very open definition is then in § 1 paragraph 3 PSA-BV set when something Not is considered personal protective clothing:

Personal protective equipment [...] does not include:

  1. Work clothes and uniforms that do not specifically serve the safety and health protection of employees,
  2. Equipment for emergency and rescue services,
  3. personal protective equipment for the armed forces, civil protection and disaster control, federal and state police forces as well as other institutions serving public safety or order,
  4. personal protective equipment for road traffic, insofar as it is subject to traffic regulations,
  5. Sports equipment,
  6. Means of self-defense and deterrence,
  7. portable devices for the detection and signaling of dangers and hazardous substances. "

However, this does not mean that it is the items listed are not personal safety equipment. Rather, this does not apply to them PPE Usage Ordinancebut other guidelines. They are in the regulation accordingly not treated.

Requirements for personal protective equipment

As mentioned earlier, the Provision of protective work clothing to the employer. In addition in his area of ​​responsibility belongs the associated Choice of clothes. For this reason he should comply with the requirements according to PSA-BV Protective equipment of all kinds be very familiar.

The PPE Usage Ordinance appropriate protective clothing should be used

  • protect from dangerwithout endangering yourself,
  • the work environment be expedient
  • the health and ergonomic Needs of employees correspond,
  • on the custom size be coordinated by the respective employee,
  • just used by one person and are not loaned out (if certain circumstances require it, the employer is obliged to resolve hygiene problems or Eliminate health risks),
  • so be matched to other protective equipmentthat the effect of this is not impaired.
In addition, they meet the requirements of the "Ordinance on placing personal protective equipment on the market" must be fair. With regard to personal protective equipment, in accordance with the PPE User Ordinance, the employer must also ensure that it fully functional is and always the applicable hygiene regulations corresponds to. This is supposed to go through Proper maintenance, repair, replacement and storage measures guaranteed.

Personal protective equipment: Training is also the responsibility of the employer

The Operating instructions in accordance with PSA-BV also falls to the employer. According to labor law, he must ensure that his employees be informed about ithow to properly use the equipment.

According to PPE either by the employer himself or as part of an external training course be performed.

§ 3 of the PPE Usage Ordinance also states:

For each personal protective equipment provided, the employer must have the information required for use available in a form and language that the employees can understand. "

PPE Usage Ordinance: What about the categories?

Any work equipment that is intended to protect employees is in accordance with the European Directive 89/686 / EEC and the PSA-BV divided into categories. These can be used as Protection levels be understood. The division takes place here depending on the severity of a possible injury at the respective work.

For the PSA-BV are Category 3, 2 or 1 essential. But which one Factors play a role in the classification?

  • Category 1: The purpose of protective equipment in this category is to protect employees from a minor hazard to protect. Protective gloves against acidic liquids or Gardening gloves According to PSA-BV, work protection is used here against cuts.
  • Category 2: Hearing protection, helmet or safety shoes count towards this classification. According to PSA-BV, the equipment that neither in the first nor in the third category fits.
  • Category 3: The PPE Usage Ordinance sorts protective clothing, which before permanent damage to health or death should protect, in the third grade. Often times, workers can face hazards of this type either difficult or impossible to assess. Among other things, it is about work going under Lack of oxygen, electric shocks, or falling from a great height, are intended to protect those affected from the work equipment of this category.
The last example in particular makes it clear why it is so important that the Comply with the provisions of the PPE Usage Ordinance. According to PSA-BV, work safety is always a priority first of all and can only be guaranteed if Employers and employees work hand in hand and support each other.
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PPE Usage Ordinance (PSA-BV): What does it mean?
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