Why is shaving prohibited during the Qurbani?
Without a doubt, the Hajj, the Muslim pilgrimage, is the climax in the life of every Muslim. It is a worship service that includes various elements and is practiced both physically and financially. Hajj is a duty for all Muslims who are financially and physically able to do so. The Hajj is one of the five pillars of Islam and anyone who has ever undertaken this important pilgrimage has the honorary title of "Hajji" as a nickname.
Two compulsory acts are essential for the Hajj: staying on Mount Arafat and circumnavigating the Kaaba.
On the 8th day of the Islamic month of Zulhijah, the Hajj begins with the entry into the so-called state of consecration Ihram. In this state, pilgrims are not allowed to shave, comb, or cut hair or nails. You have to behave virtuously and especially avoid things that are considered haram, i.e. forbidden, in Islamic terms. Otherwise, the pilgrimage may become invalid.
Mina and Arafat
In this state of consecration, the pilgrims set out for Mina. They stay there until the next morning and then set off towards the Arafat plain. Standing on the mountain on the 9th of Zulhijah is one of the highlights of the pilgrimage. It doesn't matter how long you stand as long as you are on Mount Arafat on the 9th of Zulhijah.
It is the most emotional moment for the pilgrims. They ask Allah for forgiveness for their sins and remember their mortality. The pilgrims stay here until sunset and finally hike on to Muzdalifa to spend the night there.
Shortly before sunrise in the early morning hours of the 10th Zulhijah, the pilgrims set out for Mina. There, Satan is symbolically stoned. To do this, the Muslims throw small stones at the "Jamarât al-Akaba", which symbolizes the devil as a pillar or wall.
Sacrifice and walking around the Kaaba
The male pilgrims then shorten their scalp hair while the women cut off a strand of hair. This is a symbolic act to remind oneself that a new phase of life is now beginning. Then the sacrificial animals are slaughtered, with the pilgrims only keeping a small part for themselves and distributing the rest to those in need.
From this moment on, the Ihrâm state is considered to be abolished. However, the Muslims usually continue on their way to Mecca in their clothing. There in the blessed mosque "Masjid al-Haram" stands the so-called "House of God" - the Kaaba. The Kaaba is the kibla, the direction of prayer, of Muslims all over the world. The pilgrims circle the Kaaba 7 times, whereby the first four circles are considered mandatory.
It is the day of the Festival of Sacrifice (Îd al-Adha). The highest Islamic holiday celebrated by all Muslims in the world.
Hajj is a duty
The Hajj became compulsory for all Muslims in the 9th year of the Hijra (emigration of the Prophet). Prophet Muhammad (sws) himself took part in the pilgrimage in the 10th year of Hijra. We know from tradition that the Hajj is one of the five pillars of Islam and therefore has a special position. This position also results from the Kaaba, the “house of God” in Mecca.
People from all over the world meet at the Hajj. They have different ethnicities and cultures, but they believe in one God and that Muhammad (sws) is his messenger. The pilgrims come to the Hajj with the intention of serving Allah. This strengthens fraternity among Muslims and promotes getting to know one another. Hajj is also a place to find solutions to the various and difficult problems faced by Muslims around the world.
Equality before God
At the same time, the Hajj also reminds us that every Muslim, regardless of origin, whether rich or poor, is on an equal footing with Allah. The Hajj reminds Muslims that no one is superior to Allah. In this way it is a vaccination and a reminder of equality before Allah.
This is also expressed in the clothing of the pilgrims. All Muslims dress in the Ihram robe. This not only emphasizes equality, but also alleviates the dependence on money and consumer goods. Those who worship in these clothes, above all, realize that indifference to the poor and needy is a big mistake. The Hajj thus also strengthens the compassion of Muslims and their freedom.
Nourishment and purification for the soul
Hajj is also nourishment for the soul. Seeing the places where the Messenger of Allah walked, lived and prayed with his companions is an experience that no words in the world can describe. Muslims who perform the Hajj feel closer to the Prophet and his companions on the one hand, but also to their Creator on the other.
According to tradition, those who perform the Hajj out of full conviction and deep faith are forgiven of sins - provided they really show repentance and do not fall into old mistakes.
Also this year many Muslims from Germany traveled to the Hajj. The Hajj aspirants are preparing for the climax of their lives these days. Many of the pilgrims travel to other important places in Mecca and Medina before and after the Hajj.
This year's 8th Zulhijah will take place on October 13, 2013. The four-day Kurban Festival begins on October 15, 2013.
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