How are gerunds and infinitives used

Infinitive or gerund

Some commonly used verbs have peculiarities when followed by another verb:

• Some verbs that are always followed by an infinitive verb: to want, to refuse, to seem, to manage...
Bruno wants to conclude the negotiations tomorrow. Bruno wants to conclude the negotiations tomorrow.
I promise to do my best. I promise to do my best.
Susie expects to work all night on this project. Susie assumes she will be working on this project all night.
I refuse to negotiate with terrorists. I refuse to negotiate with terrorists.
This seems to be a waste of my time. This seems like a waste of time.
I managed to catch the train. I managed to get the train.
The candidate happened to be an ex-girlfriend of mine. The applicant happened to be an ex-girlfriend of mine.
• Some verbs that are always followed by a verb ing to be followed: to enjoy, to avoid, to consider...
I'll consider hiring your nephew. I will consider hiring your nephew.
Horatio enjoys drinking coconut milk. Horatio enjoys drinking coconut milk.
Would you mind opening the window? Would you mind opening the window?
Please avoid making silly mistakes. Please avoid making stupid mistakes.
I can't help loving you. I can't help but love you
• There are also verbs that start from both a verb im infinitive as well as from a verb ing can be followed:
I remember writing you an email. I remember writing you an email.
I remember to write you emails weekly. I am thinking of emailing you weekly.
Annotation: Verbs expressing a liking or dislike (to like, to love, to hate, to prefer), are followed by an infinitive verb as soon as a concrete action is uttered (ex: I hate to end this conversation, but I have to go.), and from a verb up ingas soon as it is a question of general constant likes or dislikes (ex: I hate ending conversations prematurely.).

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