Where is hip pain usually felt?

Bursitis of the hip

Location and function of the bursa in the hip joint

Bursitis in the hip joint causes pain and limits mobility. You can find out exactly what bursitis is and how it is treated here.

Bursa are Fabric sacfilled with synovial fluid. They cushion pressure and loads in joints. The bursa also makes it easier for cartilage and bone to slide onto one another. There are also several bursa in the hip that act as shock absorbers on the thigh bone:

 


Bursa in the hip joint © bilderzwerg / Fotolia

Development of bursitis in the hip

Bursae can naturally compensate for stress and pressure. Will the Stress however, if they are too big, they can ignite. In this type of bursitis, more synovial fluid collects in the bursa than normally. This enlargement presses on the surrounding tissue and causes pain.

When a bacterial or viral infection The reason for an inflammation of the mucous membranes is also called this septic bursitis. The bursa is lined with a membrane and surrounded by a capsule. This is partially permeable. For example, nutrients from the bloodstream can get through the envelope into the bursa. The bursa is supplied in this way. However, pathogens can also penetrate the bursa in the hip joint and inflammation of the hip occurs.

The pathogens come from a source of infection that is elsewhere in the body. If this is not treated immediately, it spreads and the bacteria or viruses get into the blood. Since this completely supplies the body, the respective pathogen quickly and easily gets to another, new place where it can nestle. For example, if the pathogen penetrates the joint capsule of the hip joint, it settles there and an inflammation of the bursa occurs.


Symptoms of bursitis in the hip joint

In general, any inflammation is characterized by the same signs: Redness, swelling, and warmingof the affected area. The focus of inflammation in the bursa of the hip joint, however, lies deep in the body under the muscles, tissue and skin. The bursitis is thereforenot from the outside by the typical signs as inflammation recognizable. For this reason, bursitis of the hip is often only noticed when it is painful and has progressed accordingly. If the bursa of the hip joint is inflamed, this manifests itself, similar to other hip diseases, in Pain - often burning and stabbing. When hip pain begins, a prompt diagnosis by a doctor is crucial so that the bursitis can be treated and not become chronic.

Diagnosis of bursitis

For hip pain is one extensive medical history the patient's first step in making the diagnosis. In addition, the doctor examines the patient thoroughly. If there is bursitis of the hip, palpation causes one Tenderness and the doctor may feel heat and swelling.

After a blood sample and the Examination of the blood in the laboratory certain parameters show whether inflammation is taking place. No matter where in the body an infection is located, certain blood values ​​change. If these factors are increased, there is inflammation and the bursitis is caused by an infection. With inflammation values ​​in the normal range, the hip bursitis is due to constant overloading of the hip joint.


A blood test shows levels of inflammation in the blood. © Alexander Raths / Fotolia

Then an ultrasound is also done. In this imaging procedure, the bursa in the hip is made visible and an inflammation and its cause are identified.


Treatment of bursitis

Depending on the cause that is responsible for the inflammation of the bursa in the hip, an appropriate therapy is selected. In most cases, hip bursitis can be treated successfully.

With an underlying Bacterial infection can, after determining the responsible pathogen, target the bursitis with a antibiotic be treated.

But if the bursa is inflamed because it is persistent Overload the hip must first be immobilized. The joint is not stressed and the bursa in the joint capsule sparedbecause it does not have to absorb any friction. Anti-inflammatory drugs help relieve the pain. Discuss this with your doctor.

In the long term, it is recommended eliminate the causes of overload - through a body weight in the normal range and a healthy balance of rest and exercise. Stronger and regularly stretched muscles in the legs also protect the joints.

If conservative therapeutic approaches remain unsuccessful and the bursitis in the hip persists with constant discomfort, the bursa must in one surgical intervention removed.