How do I perform Decrescendo

Add dynamics, arcs, and crescendos to a notation in Logic Pro

Dynamics instructions indicate the volume at which a musical phrase or section should be played. You can use dynamic instructions like p (piano), ff (fortissimo) and sfz Add (sforzando). Dynamic instructions are purely graphic symbols; they have no effect on the playback volume of the note.

You can also add slurs to mark the performance instruction legato for notes and symbols for dynamic crescendo and descrendo (sometimes also as Forks labeled). Automatic phrasing slur can cover a selected group of notes and adjust as the notes are copied, moved, or transposed. Keyboard shortcuts let you quickly add and edit automatic phrasing slurs for a phrase, part, or notation.

After adding these symbols, you can adjust their length to mark which notes they relate to. The symbols are purely graphic characters and have no effect on playback.

The Part Box is available when the Show Advanced Tools option is selected in the Advanced section of Logic Pro's Preferences.

Add dynamics symbol

  1. If the dynamics symbols are not displayed in the part box, click the "Dynamics" button in the part box.

  2. Move a dynamic symbol from the part box to the desired position in the notation.

Adding an automatic phrasing slur

You can add and edit automatic phrasing slurs that automatically adjust to a selected group of consecutive notes. Automatic phrasing slur adjusts as notes are copied, moved, or transposed. They do not overlap notes, accidentals, or most of the notation symbols.

  1. Click the Bows And Crescendos button in the Part Box to display phrasing arcs, crescendos, and other symbols.

  2. In the Score Editor, select the notes you want the phrasing slur to apply to.

  3. Do one of the following:

    • Drag an automatic phrasing arc (with up and down curves) from the part box over the selected notes.

    • Select an automatic phrasing slur in the Part Box and click on the selected notes with the Pencil tool.

    • If no notes are selected, hover over or click a note and drag the left or right edge of the phrasing sheet over the notes you want.

You can also add an automatic phrasing slur when no note is selected. To do this, select an automatic phrasing slur in the part box, long-click with the pen tool next to a note and then drag the automatic phrasing slur over the other notes.

An automatic phrasing slur cannot extend beyond regional boundaries. If you want to add an automatic phrasing slur that spans two regions, you must first merge the regions.

Add automatic phrasing slurs with a keystroke command

You can add multiple automatic phrasing slurs to a line, part, or score. You can add multiple automatic phrasing slurs in one go by selecting the starting and ending notes for each phrasing slur and using the appropriate keyboard shortcut. Each pair defined by beginning and end notes is given an automatic phrasing slur. Individual automatic phrasing slurs cannot extend beyond regional boundaries.

  1. Select the starting and ending notes for each phrasing slur that you want to add.

  2. Use the keyboard shortcut to create automatic phrasing arcs for discontinuous notes.

Editing an automatic phrasing slur

  • To edit the start or end point of an automatic phrasing slur: Move the start or end point to another note with the same voice in the same region.

  • To edit the curve of an automatic phrasing slur: Move one (or more) of the inner handles.

  • To convert an automatic to a manual phrasing slur: Hold down the "ctrl" key and click on the phrasing slur and choose the command to convert to manual phrasing slur from the context menu.

    Note: A manual phrase sheet cannot be converted to an automatic phrase sheet.

  • To reposition the automatic phrasing slur relative to notes: Control-click the phrasing slur and choose one of the following options from the context menu:

    • To position the phrasing slur over the notes: Select “Phrasing Slur Above”.

    • To position the phrasing slur under the notes: Select "Phrasing Sheet Below".

    • To return to the automatic position of the phrasing slur: Select "Direction for autom. Slurs ".

  • Do one of the following to open Score Layout Settings:

    • Choose File> Project Settings> Notation and click the Layout tab.

    • Hold down the "ctrl" key and click on the phrasing sheet and choose "Settings: Advanced Layout" from the context menu.

The Layout settings include a phrasal slur section where you can edit the automatic phrasing slur settings that apply to existing automatic phrasing slurs and use by default for new ones, as well as line weight settings that apply to both automatic and manual phrasing slurs impact.

Editing of automatic phrasing arcs with a keyboard stroke command

  • To convert an automatic to a manual phrasing slur: Use the keyboard shortcut to convert automatic phrasing slurs.

    Note: A manual phrase sheet cannot be converted to an automatic phrase sheet.

  • To reset all changes to an automatic phrasing slur: Use the keyboard shortcut to reset automatic phrasing slurs.

  • To add an automatic phrasing slur with the direction set automatically: Use the keyboard shortcut for the automatic direction of the phrasing slurs.

  • To add an automatic phrasing slur over selected notes: Use the automatic phrasing slur keyboard shortcut above.

  • To add an automatic phrasing slur under selected notes: Use the automatic phrasing slur keyboard shortcut below.

  • To add selected auto phrasing slur above selected notes: Use the automatic phrasing slur keyboard shortcut above.

  • To add selected automatic phrasing slur under selected notes: Use the automatic phrasing slur keyboard shortcut below.

  • To reset selected automatic phrasing slurs to automatic position: Use the keyboard shortcut for the automatic direction of the phrasing slurs.

  • To make the selected note the last note of an automatic phrasing slur: Use the keyboard shortcut that connects the last note to the phrasing slur.

Add a manual phrasing slur

Automatic phrasing slurs are often very useful, but a manual slur can be beneficial in situations where free placement or more complex curves are needed. They are also necessary in cases where you need an enclosing slur about groups of notes with one or more automatic phrasing slurs.

  1. Click the Bows And Crescendos button in the Part Box to display phrasing arcs, crescendos, and other symbols.

  2. Do one of the following:

    • Move a manual arc from the part box to the position in the notation where you want it to begin (left margin).

    • Select a manual phrasing slur in the part box, then click with the pen tool where you want the slur to begin.

  3. Move the handles to change the shape of the arch.

Note: This is a tie, not a tie. Ties cannot be inserted manually, but are automatically displayed if the length of a MIDI note requires it. For more information, see Controlling the Appearance of Arcs in the Logic Pro Score Editor.

Add crescendo or decrescendo

  1. Move a crescendo marker from the part box to the position in the notation where you want it to begin (left margin).

    The crescendo remains selected and small rectangular active points are displayed at its end points.

  2. Move the handles to extend the crescendo to where you want it to end (right edge).

Work on a slur and crescendi

  • To move the slur or crescendo to another position: Select the object, then move it (from the center). When moving the active point, auxiliary lines are displayed that show which note the bow or crescendo belongs to.

  • To change the length of a slur or crescendo: Move the handle on the far right. When moving the active point, auxiliary lines are displayed that show which note the bow or crescendo belongs to.

    In the linear view of the notation editor, you can extend a slur to a position that is no longer visible in the notation editor by moving the handle on the far right to the right edge of the notation editor. The notation scrolls automatically. Move the pointer back a little to the left to stop scrolling as soon as you see the end position for the slur in the window. Now position the end of the tie. It is important that you do not let go of the mouse button during the entire process.

    In the side view you can simply drag the right active point to the desired position on a staff line below. The slur is shown in several sections.

    The length can exceed the end of the MIDI region. It is possible to move the right handle of a crescendo to a position in the next MIDI region of the same track.

  • Change the shape of a slur: Drag one of the inner handles until the slur looks the way you want it.

  • Change the opening angle of a crescendo symbol: Drag one (or more) of the handles on the far right up or down.

  • To change the angle of a crescendo symbol: Drag one (or more) of the handles on the far right up or down.

The starting position and length of these symbols can also be edited in the event list or in the event floating window by changing the corresponding numeric parameters.

You can also add notes and other symbols to multiple regions.