Why is downtown Charlotte, NC called Uptown
|This name is used by several places. Other places with this name can be found under Charlotte (signpost).|
Charlotte is the largest city in North Carolina. The main attraction is Uptown, the inner city characterized by imaginatively designed skyscrapers and other extraordinary modern buildings, in which there are also a number of museums.
The city has an excellent and very varied gastronomic scene and many hotels with very good value for money.
Charlotte is a top destination for extreme sports enthusiasts, because that's on the outskirts U.S. National Whitewater Center with the largest man-made flume in the world. Other intrepid can go to the theme park Carowinds get their money's worth in the highest roller coaster in the world.
Not far from today's urban area of Charlotte, the first Europeans - Spanish explorers - arrived in 1567 and brought smallpox with them to the Catawba Indians (Sioux) who lived here, from which the natives died en masse because they had no immunity to the new disease . After the British established the Carolina colony in 1663, the first permanent settlers came to the region, namely Presbyterian Ulster Scots; even before the American War of Independence, many German emigrants joined them. The European settlement of today's urban area began around 1750 with the family of Thomas Spratt, whose daughter Susannah married Thomas Polk, the founder of Mecklenburg County (1762) and the Charlotte Town (1768).
It was named after the German Princess Sophie Charlotte, Duchess of Mecklenburg (1744-1818), who lived with the British King George III in 1761 at the age of 17. had been married.
In the American War of Independence (1775–1783), the British general Charles Cornwallis took the city, but was driven out by the citizens; this earned the city the nickname "Hornet's Nest". One advantage the city enjoyed from the start was its convenient location at the intersection of several trade routes. Today's street grid was laid out in 1770. In 1775 local political leaders signed their own declaration of independence, the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence. Gold was found in the region in 1799, which shortly afterwards led to the first gold rush in American history. The Charlotte Mint was founded in 1837. Up until the Sierra Nevada Gold Rush (1848), North Carolina was the young country's most important gold resource.
Charlotte experienced its first major economic boom after the Civil War (1861–1865) as a railway junction and center of cotton processing. The city continued to grow when the US government established the military base here during World War I. Camp Green set up. In the 1970s and 1980s it also gained importance as a location for powerful national banks; Today, after New York City and San Francisco, Charlotte is actually the third largest banking location in the country. On September 22, 1989, the city suffered severe damage Hurricane Hugowhich found residents quite unprepared as hurricanes in the Carolinas usually do not penetrate as deeply into the interior of the Carolinas.
Charlotte is home to several Fortune 500 companies, such as the Bank of America, the hardware store chain Lowe's, the energy company Duke and the grocery service Compass Group. Most jobs are in the service sector, especially health, banking and education, as well as American Airlineswhose main hub is here. Charlotte is neither particularly poor nor particularly rich by American standards. However, the level of education is high; 43% of the adult population have at least a bachelor's degree. Charlotte is home to five universities. As in many large US cities, especially in the south, the proportion of the population of European descent is relatively low (50%). More than a third of Charlotte's residents are African American, 14% Latin American, and 6% have Asian roots. Charlotte is also a city of migrants: every sixth inhabitant was born abroad.
Geography and climate
The city is located in the Piedmont, the wooded plateau that flanks the Appalachian Mountains to the coastal plain and makes up almost half of the land area of North Carolina. To the west, already outside the urban area, the Catawba River flows. In Charlotte itself there are only small rivers, of which Sugar Creek and Irwin Creek are the most important.
The climate is humid subtropical with clearly marked four seasons. In July, the mean daily maximum temperatures are 31.7 ° C with peaks of up to 36.1 ° C, while in January it is 10.4 ° C. The number of annual hours of sunshine is 2,821, which is more than in Lisbon. On the other hand, there are as many rainy days as there are in London, namely 110; only September and October are relatively dry. The winters are short and have an average of 4 days of snow.
Neighboring towns and districts 
After Jacksonville (Florida), Charlotte is the second largest city in the southeastern United States in terms of population. Charlotte belongs to Charlotte metropolitan area (Metrolina, Charlotte Metro), which with 2.5 million inhabitants is one of the most important metropolitan regions in the southeast of the USA after Miami, Atlanta and Tampa.
Charlotte is located in the center of Mecklenburg County, the administrative seat of which the city is also. Directly adjacent neighboring towns are (clockwise, starting in the north): Mallard Creek, Crab Orchard, Clean Creek, Morning Star, Providence, Pineville, Steele Creek, Berry Hill, Paw Creek, Long Creek.
Administratively, Charlotte is divided into 199 districts (neighborhood statistical areas), which are roughly the areas City Center (Uptown, Elizabeth, Midtown), North Charlotte, West Charlotte, South Charlotte and West Charlotte can be assigned.
Charlotte owes much of its tourist importance to the fact that it is the hub of American Airlines located at 35.220342-80.9428911(IATA: CLT), which is also the eleventh busiest airport in the United States. There are direct daily flights to CLT from Frankfurt / M., Munich and London Heathrow, among others.
The airport is a quarter of an hour west of downtown Charlotte. For those who rely on public transport, it's best to take bus number 5 on the Charlotte Area Transit System. It runs so closely, seven days a week, that you don't even need a timetable. Tickets cost $ 2.20 (as of February 2019). As always in American buses, keep cash ready for each person when boarding, as the driver has no change for safety reasons. Alternatively, take an Uber, taxi, or commercial shuttle. Anyone staying in one of the many airport hotels can reach this area free of charge with the hotel's own shuttle.
The offices of 35.221544-80.9441992 are located directly opposite the terminal, on the ground floor of a large parking garage. Booking a car to be picked up directly at the airport is usually a little more expensive in the USA than picking up the car at an inner-city branch, but it does bring a lot of convenience.
Charlotte has an Amtrak train station: 35.241222-80.8226393 (1914 N Tryon St), which also includes a large car park, is 2.5 km northeast of the town center. The buses on line 11 connect both points. Trains on the following lines stop here:
35.231173-80.8483474 has the address 601 W Trade St and is 1 km northwest of the town center.
On the street 
Downtown Charlotte is 3 miles south of the intersection of I-77 and I-88.
Overall, Charlotte is quite a car-dependent city. Local public transport is not particularly well developed and the conditions for pedestrians and cyclists are also not favorable due to long distances and a lack of cycle paths. However, there are individual districts that deviate positively from this assessment. You can get around Uptown (where most of the sights are concentrated anyway) and the South End on foot or by public transport. The neighboring Dilworth district to the south can also be rated as pedestrian-friendly thanks to its many trees and short distances to shopping and dining options.
The local transport company CATS (Charlotte Area Transit System) operates more than 70 lines (network map) in Charlotte. In addition to bus lines, the network also includes two tram lines (Lynx): a blue and a gold. The ride costs $ 2.20 (students $ 1.10; as of February 2019). Have the appropriate money ready when boarding. The driver cannot give change.
If you travel by car in Charlotte, you have to be prepared for the fact that parking in Uptown is a bit difficult and can also be expensive. An early look at Parkopedia can prevent unpleasant surprises. In general, it is best to walk in Uptown, especially since this part of the city does not measure more than 3 km even in its largest extension.
Bank of America Corporate Center
Bechtler Museum of Modern Art
- 35.220094-80.9299554 , . On the edge of the airport is this excellent and quite large museum on the history of American aviation. In-house parking lot, last change: Feb. 2019
- 35.22442-80.848316 , . The largest art museum in the city. Mainly American works, along with some European ones. Also noteworthy from an architectural point of view. Paid parking next door. Last change: Feb. 2019
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