Mansa Musa was a good emperor

Mansa Musa from MaliThe 25 richestPeople of all time

The richest People who ever lived - were all men and only three of them are still alive. The richest: Mansa Musa I ..

The former king of Mali would be worth 305 billion euros today. This was determined by the finance blog “Celebrity Net Worth” taking inflation into account.

His wealth was legendary during his reign between 1312 and 1337 AD. With two tons of gold and a 60,000-strong retinue, the emperor went on a pilgrimage to Mecca.

The gold he introduced led to inflation in Egypt from which the country did not recover for years. On his return trip, Mansa Musa bought the precious metal again at a substantial loss in order to stabilize the gold price. In the end, he even had to borrow money for that.

It is noticeable that only three of the wealthiest men of all time are still alive: Microsoft founders Bill Gates (56, 12th place with the equivalent of around 104 billion euros), Mexico's cell phone mogul Carlos Slim Helu (72, 22nd place with around 52 billion euros) and major investor Warren Buffett (82, place 25 with approx. 49 billion).

1st place

Mansa Musa I. was Emperor of Mali, his wealth legendary. His fortune today amounts to 305 billion euros. He helped the country flourish and made Timbuktu one of the most important cities in Africa. After Mansa Musa, a few rulers came to the throne until power disputes heralded the fall of Mali.

place 2

Mayer Amschel Rothschild (1744-1812) was the founder of the Rothschild-Dynasty. Today, the fortune of the banking family with Jewish roots is estimated at around 267 billion euros.

place 3

The industrialist John D. Rockefeller (1839-1937) - whose family has German roots - entered the oil business in 1858. In the course of the “Sherman Antitrust Act” (law against the emergence of dominant trusts, cartels and monopolies from 1890) his company “Standard Oil Company” was broken up. Knowing that the price would stabilize and eventually rise again, Rockefeller bought the shares in his company and earned an estimated 150 million euros. If one takes into account the two world wars, the proliferation of automobiles and the resulting increasing demand for crude oil, his assets would be around 250 billion euros today. Rockefeller was one of America's greatest philanthropists. Much of his fortune went into education, science, health care, agriculture, and even scientific research.

4th place

Also the steel tycoon Andrew Carnegie (1835-1919) shared his wealth and donated more than $ 350 million. Once an employee of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, Carnegie decided to start his own business in 1865 and quickly noticed developments in the iron industry. He realized that steel would replace cast iron. According to today's purchasing power, Carnegie would have assets of around 236 billion euros.

5th place

300 years of Romanov rule over Russia: Ruled as an autocratic monarch Tsar Nicholas II (1868-1918) unreservedly about Russia and is the richest and most powerful man in the world at that time. Several palaces, the legendary Tsar's gold, crown jewels, imperial factories, paintings, Fabergé eggs - the true fortune of the last Tsar has remained a secret to this day, but is estimated at around 229 billion euros.

Rank 6

The difference couldn't be bigger: Osmani Ali Khan (1886-1967), the last nizam of the Indian princely state of Hyderabad, was rich while the peasants lived in poverty. His fortune would be worth 200 billion euros today. The area of ​​the capital and the surrounding district (Atraf-i-Balda), with all taxes and duties levied there, belonged to him as private property. More than 14,000 people were employed in his palaces. The fifth largest diamond in the world has been in family ownership since 1892.

7th place

Wilhelm I. (1028-1097), King of England, also known as "William the Conqueror" (William the Conqueror), was the last ruler to conquer Great Britain from outside. He could call his own today around 175 billion euros. He owes his wealth to the “Doomsday Book” introduced in 1086, after he expropriated, expelled and killed the established Anglo-Saxon nobility and appointed his Norman knights as liege lords. Half of the land that was given as a secular fiefdom in England under William the Conqueror belonged to only eleven men, almost all of whom were blood relatives of William.

8th place

Muammar al-Gaddafi (1942-2011) Wealth is estimated at 152 billion euros and comes mainly from the oil and gas business.

In addition, the former head of state of Libya participated in the areas of construction and infrastructure, telecommunications, hotels, press and consumer goods sales.

9th place

His heirs are still fighting in court today Henry Fords (1863-1947) Fortune that “Celebrity Net Worth” estimates at around 151 billion euros. The car king presented his first vehicle in 1896 and founded the "Ford Motor Company" in 1903. By streamlining operations - through the use of assembly lines - Henry Ford made the car affordable for the general public.

Place 10

Cornelius Vanderbilt (1794-1877) bought his first sailing ship at the age of 16 and built up a steamship company with a fleet of around 100 ships over the years. He earned most of his money in the railroad business, however, where he invested in the expansion of the rail network and thus secured ownership of a few of the most important railroad lines in America. His fortune today would be around 141 billion euros.

11th place

Alan Rufus (1040-1093), also called Alan the Red, was a Breton knight who accompanied William the conqueror on his campaigns. His loyalty to Wilhelm was rewarded astronomically and today corresponds to the sum of approx. 136 billion euros.

12th place

"Microsoft" founder Bill Gates (56) and his wife Melinda jointly run the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, which has an estimated fortune of approximately 29 billion US dollars. According to his own statements, Gates wants to donate 90 to 95 percent of his total assets by the time he dies. This is estimated at 103 billion euros.

13th place

William de Warenne (probably 1030-1088), Earl of Surrey, is another henchman of William the Conqueror and profited from his campaigns. His fortune would be the equivalent of 92 billion euros today.

14th place

The Waldorf-Astoria-Hotel, the Astor cosmetics line and the New York district of Astoria all go back to a German (born in Heidelberg). Johann Jakob Astor (1864-1912) became the largest fur trader in the United States within a few years of immigrating to America in 1783/84. After leaving the fur industry, he focused on real estate. He leased land, after which the lease period, including the building, came into his possession. Today the businessman would be worth 92 billion euros.

15th place

The British nobleman Richard Fitzalan (1306-1376) almost 300 years later did the same to his ancestor William de Warenne (13th place) and placed himself in the service of the king, Edward III. As an important military assistant to the king, he accompanied him on his successful campaigns. He was able to enlarge the property of the house mainly through inheritance and royal service. Today he would have a fortune of around 90 billion euros.

16th place

Johann von Gaunt (1340-1399) was the son of King Edward III. and borrowed money from Richard Fitzalan (15th place). He built his fortune by marrying the Duchess Blanche of Lancaster. Today he would own 84 billion euros.

17th place

The Frenchman Stephen Girard (1750-1831): Just like his father, he traveled the seas as a seafarer. In Philadelphia he settled as a merchant and from 1778 built up a merchant fleet. In 1811 he took over the remains of the "First Bank of the United States" and founded his own bank - the "Girard Bank", which the government supported in the 1812 war. Having remained childless, Girard decreed that his fortune, which hit 80 billion euros, should go to "Girard College".

18th place

The Irish born Alexander Turney Stewart (1803-1876) made his living in the textile industry. The haberdashery had his Marble Palace built on Broadway in New York in the 1840s, where fashion shows were also held at the time. In 1862 he inaugurated his first real department store, which had 2,000 employees on eight floors and was then the largest in the world. He also owned numerous factories. His assets are now around 69 billion euros.

19th place

Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster (1310-1361) was a soldier in the Hundred Years War and a close confidante of King Edward III. He became one of the first knights of the Order of the Garter. In 1354 he wrote the work "Livre de Seyntz Medicines". He is also considered one of the founders of Corpus Christi College in Cambridge. His net worth today would be $ 65 billion.

20th place

The American logging mogul Friedrich Weyerhäuser (1834-1914) was born in Germany - in the wine town of Nieder-Saulheim in Rheinhessen. At the age of 18 he emigrated to the USA. In Illinois he worked at a sawmill, where he rose from apprentice to operations manager - and then bought it. He also acquired many shares in other timber companies. In 1900, the entrepreneur bought 360,000 acres of woodland in the northwestern United States and founded the Weyerhaeuser Company. His fortune today amounts to 61 billion euros. The Weyerhaeuser Company is still one of the largest international forestry companies today.

21st place

Jason "Jay" Gould (1836-1892) made his living in the railroad industry. He controlled up to a ninth of all railroad tracks in the United States. The son of a farmer left school at the age of 16. Until 1872 he controlled the railway company Erie Railroad Company with the entrepreneurs Daniel Drew and James Fisk. When they manipulated the company's stock value, they had to sell the company. Gould was known as a "Robber Baron", a ruthless capitalist. His fortune today would amount to around 54 billion euros.

22nd place

His father died when he was five: took over on his 21st birthday Stephen Van Rensselaer (1764-1839) his possessions - they covered 31,000 square kilometers, which he leased to around 3,000 people. In his career as a politician - he was considered a moderate reformer - he rose to become Lieutenant Governor of New York. He was also elected to the State Constituent Assembly in 1821. As a general, he suffered a major defeat at the Battle of Queenston Heights in the War of 1812. Then he ended his military career. From 1819 he was regent at the State University of New York. His fortune would be around 52 billion euros today.

22nd place

Also owns around 52 billion euros today Carlos Slim Helu. The Mexican entrepreneur is the child of Lebanese immigrants and built up his corporate empire Grupo Carso in the 1980s. Among other things, the 72-year-old owns the former state-owned telecommunications company Telemex, which controls most of the Mexican landline network. América Móvil, which he also controls, is also the largest wireless operator in Latin America.

23rd place

He arrived in Chicago at the age of 21: Marshall Field (1834-1906) was born on a farm in Conway, Massachusetts. In Chicago, he first worked his way up to partner at the retail company Cooley, Wadsworth, and Company before founding the department store chain Marshall Field and Company. Together with John D. Rockefeller, the department store king also founded the University of Chicago. Marshall Field and Company was bought by Macy's in 2005. The entrepreneur's fortune would be worth 50 billion euros today.

24th place

Sam Walton (1918-1992) founded Walmart, the world's largest retail group. The entrepreneur opened his first Walmart in 1962 in the small town of Rogers in the state of Arkansas. Today the supermarket chain has 10,000 branches under 69 sales logos in 27 countries with over two million employees. Walton died of cancer at the age of 74. His fortune is estimated at 50 billion euros. The company is still largely controlled by Walton's family.

25th place

US major investor Warren Buffett is the boss and thought leader of the investment company Berkshire Hathaway, which has significant stakes in Coca Cola, the computer company IBM and the financial services provider Wells Fargo, among others. The 82-year-old comes from Omaha in the US state of Nebraska and has already received the highest civilian award in the US, the Presidental Medal of Freedom. He was diagnosed with early-stage prostate cancer in April. Buffet concluded the treatment in September: he was “so glad” to be able to say that it was “over”, quoted him in the newspaper “The Omaha World-Herald”, which belongs to him. His fortune is estimated at 49 billion euros.

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