What is the full form of IKM

How do I find the right incontinence product for my needs?

What are the different types of absorbent incontinence products?

Finding the right care for every incontinence case is not that easy. Many factors play a role in determining which incontinence material offers the best protection for your needs. Most sucking aids are designed to be unisex, which means that they are equally suitable for men and women. There is only slight incontinence special templates for women or feminine pants (diapers that can be pulled up). For men there are special men's templates which are adapted to the anatomy of the man. Also here there are meanwhile special pants for men, which are optically adapted to conventional underwear. The unisex products are used in cases of severe bladder weakness or complete emptying of the bladder. These are either anatomical templates, Pants / disposable briefs or Diapers with Velcro or adhesive closure. These are available in different suction strengths and sizes, depending on your needs. You can find more information about the different types of incontinence aids here.

How do I determine the absorbency requirement and the amount of excretion?

Basically, the amount of excretion is very easy to calculate. 80-90% of the amount of fluids you ingest during the day is excreted in the urine. You can simply add up how many cups or glasses of tea, coffee, water and other drinks you have consumed. Of course, the amount varies more daily, on warm days and with exercise, less on other days. Just look at a period of time. Here's a little arithmetic game: You arrive at a liquid volume of 1,500ml, 80% is excreted again. This means that you excrete 1200ml over the day. If the urine leakage is uncontrolled, it will be approx. 600ml during the day and the same value again at night. During the day you can change the incontinence material several times, because you use incontinence pants / incontinence pads with less suction. At night, the incontinence material should be able to absorb at least 600ml. You choose an article with the specification of ISO 1200ml. Why is that?

What do the saunas of the individual products say, what is the ISO value?

To do this, you must first understand how the manufacturer's information is determined. The ISO value "ISO 11948-1 (Rothwell test)"is determined according to a precise method and represents the maximum value of the absorption of liquid. This works as follows: The incontinence aid is weighed in the dry state. Then it is immersed in a physiological saline solution for 5 minutes so that it can soak up completely. Then the template or diaper is placed flat on a grid for another 5 minutes to drain off the excess liquid. The product is then weighed again and the difference between the two values ​​(dry and wet) gives the ISO value. Since this is not practical and If you never use the diaper or template in the smallest corner in everyday life, a maximum recommendation of 50% is given here. This means that you can usually only use a maximum of half of the specified suction strength. Now you understand why you in the case of excretion during the night of 600ml, you should use an incontinence product which, according to ISO, is at least 1200m l can soak up.

Further criteria for choosing the right incontinence aid.

It is also crucial whether the person concerned is still mobile or already bedridden. However, you should not over-supply yourself or the person affected, since the higher the suction strength, the thicker the material and the more the comfort it brings with it suffers. If possible, we recommend having 2 levels of suction in the house, a thinner, weaker diaper for the day. This is changed more often. And a very absorbent diaper for the night, a so-called one Night diaper. Personal well-being also plays a role in the choice of aids. First of all, you should be clear about the degree of incontinence present. One differentiates:

Droplet incontinence:

Permanent loss of urine in small amounts within 4 hours under 50 ml.
This is a bladder emptying disorder that occurs almost exclusively in men when there is an obstruction to drainage, e.g. due to an enlarged prostate. Anatomically adapted ones are particularly suitable for this Men's templates (Men's insoles). Recommended product absorbency up to 150ml

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Light incontinence:

The urine loss within 4 hours is less than 100 ml.
(Is not reimbursed by health insurance companies because it is not a disease in the sense of health insurance regulations!) Loss of urine in small amounts in certain stressful situations such as sneezing, coughing, laughing or exercising. Often referred to as stress incontinence. With this form of incontinence you should use light pads / pads (light to medium suction) with a corresponding protective trousers or Mesh pants use. Recommended product absorbency 150ml to 300ml

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Medium incontinence:

The urine loss within 4 hours is approx. 100 - 200 ml.
There may be urge incontinence. Or generally mixed incontinence - loss of medium to large amounts of urine at irregular intervals during exercise and a strong urge to urinate with urine leakage that is no longer controllable. Here, too, you can still use templates, but with a higher suction strength in an anatomical form. Also light ones Diaper pants with Velcro or Pants for very mobile people offer good supply options. These are easy to put on and take off like a slip. (Pants are also available in different suction strengths) Recommended product absorbency 300ml to 750ml

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The urine loss within 4 hours is more than 200 ml.
Urge incontinence, reflex incontinence (neurogenic, pathological spinal reflex with no sense of urgency). Sudden complete emptying of the bladder with large amounts of urine. With this severity you should be right Diaper pants use. These are available in different suction strengths and different outer materials. The suction strength should always correspond to the amount of urine that accumulates, since the diaper usually becomes thicker and more uncomfortable as the suction volume increases. In addition, a mobile person should choose a breathable variant for more comfort. Recommended product absorbency over 1000ml

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Severe incontinence (total inconinence):

Uncontrolled, constant leakage of urine and / or stool.
As in the case of severe incontinence, a corresponding Protective pants made of PU or PVC be used. Recommended product absorbency over 1500ml

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The size of closed systems (diapers & diaper pants)

You can determine the size of diaper pants or pants by measuring your hip circumference. Measurements should be made over the hip bones and the bottom, ie the "thickest point".

Guide values ​​hip circumference approx .:

40 - 60 cm - XS (extra small)
60 - 80 cm - S (small)
80 - 110 cm
- M (medium)
100-150 cm - L (large)
110-170 cm
- XL (extra large)
140 - 240 cm - XXL (special sizes)

This information can vary depending on the manufacturer, the exact information on each product can be found in the item descriptions.

Overview diaper sizes


Try the different incontinence products.

There can always be differences in the size and quality of incontinence articles from manufacturer to manufacturer. We therefore recommend that you test the different diapers and templates. We have created a way for you to do this in our online shop. You are also welcome to contact us personally. We advise you extensively in advance and, if necessary, determine the suction strength. Don't let advertisements blind you. The most expensive product is not always the best. Many people also resort to bladder weakness products from the relevant drugstores. These are certainly not bad, but they usually only offer simple products for mild to moderate bladder weakness for self-sufficiency.

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If you have any questions or would like advice, we will be happy to assist you. It is also possible to send samples from different manufacturers, please use the contact form