Harry Potter was pure blood

Do wizarding laws favor wealthy families and / or pure blood?

Because of the dramatic change in the Ministry after the Voldemort takeover, I'll split this answer into two parts.

Pre-Voldemort

We don't have a lot of information about the wizarding legal system, probably because it's something a young Harry wouldn't have been very interested in. Because of this, it is difficult to say whether the actual laws discriminate or not from wealth or blood purity based on this fact.

What is easier to argue is a version of indirect discrimination where the law self is not discriminatory, but is applied in such a way that the discrimination occurs anyway.

Property discrimination

Arthur Weasley appears to believe that Lucius Malfoy is paying fudge for political gain:

"What private business did [Lucius Malfoy and Fudge] bring together?"

"Gold, I suppose," said Mr. Weasley angrily. 'Malfoy has been giving generously for all sorts of things for years ... putting him with the right people ... then he can ask a favor ... delay laws he doesn't want to pass ... oh, he's very good. .. connected, Lucius Malfoy. '

Order of the Phoenix Chapter 9: "The Sorrows of Mrs. Weasley"

However, there are a few things to note about this situation:

  1. Arthur is very biased. While it certainly sounds like a Malfoy to grease the political wheels for your own benefit, given the animosity between the two families, it is not entirely reasonable to take Arthur at his word.

    • We see in a similar context , how Lucius Malfoy manipulates the interpretation of rules, but in all cases he enforces consent to threats of violence. For example when he's in Dumbledore Chamber of Secrets is dismissed (Focus on mine):

      "Well, you see, Lucius," said Dumbledore, smiling calmly, "the other eleven governors contacted me today. It was like being trapped in a hail of owls, to tell the truth. They had heard that Arthur Weasley's daughter had. " was killed and wanted me back here immediately. They seemed to think I was the best man for the job. Very strange stories that they told me too ... Some of them seemed to believe that they threatened to curse their families if they weren't ready to suspend me at all . " Chamber of Secrets Chapter 19: "Dobby's Reward"

  2. We never see any concrete political benefit from Malfoy's money. As I mention above, Lucius Malfoy tends to get his way through intimidation rather than money. If there are exceptions to this rule, we never see them.

  3. What Arthur is describing is basically political lobbying. Given that Arthur is not an unbiased source of information, there are many similarities between the two descriptions. While "lobbying" has become a dirty word in politics, it is not absolutely unethical. The main problem arises when no one on the other side is lobbying and we don't have a lot of information to suggest that im Harry Potter- Universe is the case.

We see he gets A +++ seats in the Quidditch World Cup:

Fudge, who was not listening [Lucius Malfoy demeaning the Weasleys], said, "Lucius has just made a very generous contribution to St. Mungo's Hospital for Magical Diseases and Injuries, Arthur. He is here as my guest."

Goblet of Fire Chapter 8: "The Quidditch World Cup"

And, of course, he gets away with it as a Death Eater, although it is not known how this is due to either his wealth or his blood status.

Blood discrimination

There are Tons of barriers to muggleborns, it's practically impossible to list them all, but a handful of them on my head:

  • The exchange system is whipped . Normal Muggle exchange rates are determined by the foreign exchange market; The GBP 1 is greatly simplified and points compared to the USD 2 a high exchange rate because more people than pounds 3 Want to own dollars. One of the reasons for this is that the foreign exchange market is huge and a single nation's ability to influence exchange rates is negligible 4 . But in the wizarding world there is only one Muggle currency buyer: Gringott's. Gringott's has such a huge impact on the exchange rate, and Muggles have limited ability to offset that impact. It's a recipe for abuse.

  • The school is a completely new environment. This one seems pretty obvious: children raised by wizards have been exposed to the magical world for eleven years through their family and friends, which gives them an incredible advantage at Hogwarts. Muggle kids, on the other hand, went to Muggle elementary schools and have Muggle skills like arithmetic that are now completely useless to them.

  • Ability to do magic to practice . Because of The Trace, underage witches and wizards are not allowed to practice magic outside of Hogwarts. The (notoriously unreliable) Harry Potter Wikia suggests this is more true of Muggleborns than others:

    The Ministry trusts that magical parents will properly discipline their children when performing magic, as the parents' own magic will constantly disturb the trail. Children growing up in the Muggle world, such as Harry Potter, are being monitored more closely

    To be fair to Wikia, I remember reading about it too. I can't find an offer right now, but commentators are happy to help.

  • Access to assistant services. This is as much a question as anything else. We know someone from Hogwarts comes to Muggleborn to explain about magic and how to get to Diagon Alley and so on. But what about the ministry? Have you informed that you can get into the Ministry of Magic from a phone booth in Whitehall? Do they have to travel all the way to London for this, even if they live in Ireland, for example? What about St. Mungo's? How to get to platform 9 3/4? The wizarding world is organized to require immediate (or at least inexpensive) transportation between any two locations, which is dramatically less feasible for Muggleborns, especially school-aged Muggleborns, and their families.

It should be evident that none of this discrimination is actually in the laws is codified , but that they are the unintended consequences of a system designed to make it difficult for Muggles (hostile to sorcerers) to penetrate magical society.

Post Voldemort

Once again, codified wealth discrimination is difficult to determine. I don't remember any specific examples of the Voldemort-controlled ministry enacting laws protecting the rich.

However, the codification of blood discrimination cannot be denied. The Muggle-born Registration Commission is exactly that and does not pretend to be anything else:

"Muggleborn Register!" [Hermione] read aloud. "'The Ministry of Magic is conducting a survey of so-called' Muggleborns' to better understand how they came up with magical secrets.

"'Recent research by the Department of Mysteries shows that magic can only be passed from person to person when wizards reproduce. Where there is no proven wizarding parentage, the so-called muggleborn was likely to have acquired magical power or power through theft.

"'The Ministry is determined to eradicate such usurpers of magical power and to this end has invited every so-called Muggleborn to present themselves to the newly appointed Muggleborn Registration Commission for an interview.'"

deathly Hallows Chapter 11: "The Bribe"

While this might not seem like a legal change at first glance, keep that in mind the commission sends people to Azkaban to steal magic :

The elevator doors closed and as they rattled down another floor, Mr. Weasley said, "I heard you had information on Dirk Cresswell."

[...]

"So Dirk Cresswell is ten times the size of the wizard you are," said Mr. Weasley quietly as the elevator sank lower and lower. "And if he survives Azkaban, you must answer him, not to mention his wife, sons, and friends."

deathly Hallows Chapter 13: "The Muggle-Born Registration Commission"


1 great british pound

2 U.S. dollar

3 For the recording this is not Completely true. This happens more or less in a variable exchange rate system, which is for my sample countries and for the most applies to other economies. However, some countries, mostly African economies, operate on a fixed exchange rate system where the exchange rate is tied directly to something else, be it a commodity (usually gold) or another nation's currency. In this day and age, this is mainly used in unstable economies to keep the value of their currency relatively stable

4In theory, anyway

Kitkat

"So if you're a minor and you're doing magic in a grown witch or wizard's house, the Ministry won't know?" "You certainly won't be able to tell who performed the magic," said Dumbledore, smiling slightly at the look of great indignation on Harry's face. "They rely on witch and wizard parents to enforce the obedience of their descendants within their walls." - Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 17, A Sluggish Memory