How is the best wine made

Discover the best red wines in the world - Italy is a must for wine connoisseurs!

Amarone, Barolo, Chianti and Co.

Great red wine can be found in many countries, but Italy is at the forefront. Because some of the most famous and popular (red) wines (such as Barolo, Brunello, Barbaresco, Chianti Classico, Amarone) worldwide come from the Mediterranean region, which can look back on a long wine-growing tradition. Red wine varieties such as Barolo, Brunello, Barbaresco, Chianti Classico and Amarone are among the great wines in the world.

What defines Italy as a wine-growing region

Italy is one of the largest wine-growing countries at all. In 2018, the country had a total vineyard area of ​​approx. 702,000 hectares (numbers vary), of which a third is red wine cultivation. Wine is grown in really every region, that is in such large countries unique! The largest Italian wine region is Tuscany. The world-famous Chianti Classico also comes from here.

Italian wines

Anyone who thinks of Italian wines today no longer thinks only of Chianti. On the contrary - the most diverse wines from Italy have increased enormously in quality in the last few decades and are now in the foreground on the international wine parquet. At least since the Italian wine revolution of the 60s, the quality has increased Top level grown up. It is more important than ever to work towards the highest quality. From the north to the south, winemakers work with love and passion on outstanding wines. The result: Intense and varied aromas of excellent Italian wines in different quality levels.

Grape varieties from which Italian wines are produced

Italian wines are very digestible, and that is not least due to the fact that fortification with sugar is prohibited here. So here you get the natural taste of the grapes often as a single-variety wine such as Gewürztraminer from South Tyrol or Syrah from Sicily. Other well-known grape varieties are Primitivo, Merlot, Pinot Grigio and Trebbiano. In the northern Veneto, there are also Amarone, Rondinella and Corvina.

Amarone della Valpolicella - Strong red wine with a unique selling point

The Amarone della Valpolicella is a very special, strong red wine from Italy, which has a kind of unique selling point due to its special production and fermentation process. The Amarone has nothing to do with the traditional, light Valpolicella varieties, which are not only consumed in Italy for a long time. He has one clearly higher alcohol content and shows a great abundance of flavors. The popularity of this strong Italian wine is steadily increasing and the Amarone is now one of the "great" red wines of this country. Since 2010 it has had DOCG status, the highest quality level for Italian wines.

Red wines with strong character

The Sangiovese grape is probably one of the most important grape varieties for Italian wines. Tuscan wines such as Chianti Classico, Morellino di Scansano or Vino Nobile di Montepulciano are made from it. The deep Brunello with a full-bodied structure is also based on the Sangiovese grape. The Malvasia grape, which belongs to an entire family of grapevines, is just as well known. In Italy, this is often a red wine grape that is processed in many regions. Basically, it is used in cuvées that are made from different grape varieties. A The specialty is the liqueur wine Malvasia delle Lipari, a Sicilian specialty that is served with dessert. But the Malvasia grape is not only used to make wine, but also sparkling wine. Lambrusco is also typical of the Italian way of life. This sparkling wine is made from the grape of the same name and comes mostly from the Emilia-Romagna region and partly from Lombardy.

Great Italian red wines

The Piedmontese Barolo is undoubtedly the one King of the Italian red wines. Made from Nebbiolo, the wines of this small grape variety in northwest Italy are among the oldest in the world. Regardless of whether it is kept for the next year, five years, ten or twenty years, this is an Italian red wine that flaunts the benefits of the wine's aging process.

Also a Piedmontese wine made with Nebbiolo is Barbaresco, the queen of the Barolo king. The Barbaresco wines, known for their finesse and aroma, are among the best of Italy.

Brunello di Montalcino is the king of wines made with Sangiovese. This Tuscan red wine owes its name to the place names Sangiovese (Brunello) and Montalcino, a small medieval hill town overlooking the Tuscan countryside. It is a matter of complex wines with an incredible aging potential.

Amarone is a strong and concentrated dry red winemade from dried grapes in Italy's Veneto. Made from native Italian grapes, Amarone is a wine that inspires and impresses.

The Chianti Classico is probably that most famous Tuscan wine, which consists of at least 70% Sangiovese and has become a synonym for Italian culinary culture.

Multi-faceted range of grape varieties

These examples already show how multifaceted the grape variety mirror Italy is. In the eastern north, in South Tyrol, many white wines such as Müller-Thurgau, Frühroter Veltliner or Riesling are grown. In the nearby Veneto there are autochthonous grape varieties such as Friulano, while the Piedmont, the eastern part, is suitable for a very specific grape variety due to its special soil conditions: the Nebbiolo grape.

A variety like Pinot Bianco (Pinot Blanc), on the other hand, is less demanding in terms of soil and climatic conditions. It is grown in many parts of Italy and is a good blending partner for many Italian wines. These combinations are made elegant cuvées with the desired aromas of the grapes, which complement each other wonderfully.

Photo credit: Kym Ellis (via Unsplash)