What is meant by Matamah Shraddh
abhimana [abhimāna] m pride, pride, arrogance.
abhinives (h) a [abhiniveśa] m inclination, lust for life, tenacity.
abhyasa [abhyāsa] m exercise, study, in the context of yoga it is usually the serious, regular performance of the exercises that is meant.
abhyudaya [abhyudaya] m success, attainment of the desired goal, elevation, happiness.
achara [ācāra] m behavior.
acharya [ācārya] m teacher, master.
adharma [adharma] m non-dharma, wrong behavior.
adhi [ādhī] f Longing, worry, sickness of the mind.
adhikari [adhikārin / -ī] m an aspirant characterized by authority / entitlement (e.g. disciple who is entitled to instruction).
adhyatic from adhyatma [adhyātma] - related to the self.
adrishta [adṛṣṭa] - invisible; invisible influence of past life actions on this incarnation.
adwaita [advaita] - dualism, nondualistic; n nonduality, identity (especially of ātman and brahman).
Adwaita Vedanta [advaitavedānta] m nondualistic Vedānta, philosophy of monism, one of the six philosophical systems.
adwaitavedantin [advaitavedāntin / -ī] I'm a believer in Advaita-vedānta philosophy.
adwaitic - see adwaita
agami karma [āgāmīkarma] - karma that comes to one in the future.
agni [agni] m fire (god).
agnihotra [agnihotra] n rite of fire sacrifice.
aham [aham] - me.
aham brahmasmi [aham brahmāsmi] - aham brahma asmi: I am the Brahman; mahāvākya (large sentence) from the White Yajurveda (Bṛhadāraṇyaka-Upaniṣad 1.4.10).
ahamgraha upasana [ahaṅgrahaupāsanā] f abstract meditation z. B. on Brahman as one's own self, in contrast to pratīka upāsanā, meditation on form-like deity.
ahamkara [ahaṅkāra] m sense of self, ego.
ahanta [ahantā] f ego, sense of ego / self.
ahimsa [ahiṃsā] f Not hurting - first yama (YS 2.30).
ahimsa paramo dharmah - “Not hurting is the highest virtue” (Indian wisdom).
aishwarya [aiśvarya] n lordship, power, greatness, wealth, abundance, splendor; divine willpower.
akarman [akarman] n inaction; Inaction, laziness, idleness.
akarta [akartṛ] m non-trader.
akasha [ākāśa] m heaven, space, ether (fifth most subtle element). The "akasic records" used in the original corresponds to the Akashic chronicle, with which, according to theosophical and anthroposophical views, the sum of all recorded thoughts in the thought sphere has been designated since the end of the 19th century.
akhanda [akhaṇḍa] - undivided, whole, uninterrupted.
akshara [akṣara] - immortal.
alasya [ālasya] n indolence, laziness.
amalaka [āmalaka / -ī] n / f āmalaka tree (Emblica officinalis), Myrobalan, n fruit of the tree.
amara purusha [amara puruṣa] - immortal man, human.
amrita [amṛta] n immortality; Ambrosia (immortality potion).
anadi kala [anādikāla] m beginningless, everlasting time.
ananda [ānanda] m joy, bliss, bliss.
Anasuya [anasūyā] f without envy; Name of the wife of Ṛṣi Atri, tested by Viṣṇu, Śiva and Brahmā on behalf of their wives (Rāmāyaṇa).
andaja [aṇḍaja] - born from an egg.
aniccha [aniccha] - not wishing.
anitya [anitya] - not eternal, transient.
anna [anna] n food, dish, food (especially rice).
Anna Hindi [ānā] - ancient Indian currency unit, equivalent to one sixteenth of a rupee.
anna-jala [annajala] n eating and drinking.
antahkarana [antaḥkaraṇa] n internal organ, seat of thoughts and feelings, thinking (here “antaḥ” because “k” follows).
antaryamin [antaryāmin / -ī] m inner guide, self.
aparigraha [aparigraha] m not embracing, not being greedy; fifth yama (YS 2.30.) Vyāsabhāṣya: viṣayānām arjana-rakṣaṇa-kṣayasaṅga-hiṃsā-doṣadarśanādasvīkaraṇam aparigrahaḥ = "not taking possession of objects, because one sees the evil of hurting by acquiring, holding, and perishing"). Svamī Śivānanda: refusal to accept gifts; Incorruptibility.
apat-dharma [āpaddharma] m emergency situation, dharma in times of need, rules of conduct in case of danger.
apta kama [āptakāma] one in whom all desires are satisfied.
apta-vakyam [āptavākya] n realized person.
apurva [apūrva] - previously nonexistent; unique, extraordinary.
archana [arcana / -ā] n / f worship, respectful reference to deities and authorities; Sacrifice of rice or flowers; Part of a pūjā.
ardhangini [ardhāṅginī] f wife <[ardha-aṅga].
arjava [ārjava] - righteous, n straight direction, righteousness.
Arjuna [arjuna] m one of the five Pāṇḍavas, friend and disciple of Kṛṣṇa, see Bhagavadgītā.
artha [artha] m et al. Purpose, meaning, use, object, wealth, money; one of the four human goals.
Arya Samaj [ārya samāja] m Hindu monotheist reform movement founded in 1875 by Swami Dayananda.
asaadharana [asādhāraṇā] - special, unusual.
asamprajnata samadhi [asamprajñātasamādhi] m meditative state without an object (YS 1.17, 18).
asana [āsana] n sitting down, sitting, body position.
asanga [asaṅga] - not getting stuck, without attachment, not finding resistance.
ashrama [āśrama] m / n abode of ascetics, community of spiritual aspirants (formed around a teacher); their premises; Stage of life, see varṇāśramadharma.
ashrama-bheda [āśramabheda] m differences between the different stages of life.
ashrava [āśrava] - obedient. The Jain philosophy gives a detailed enumeration of the karmas and explains how they are attracted (ashrava), how they are absorbed by the individual, how their influence can be stopped (samvara), how they can be worked off completely (nirjara) and what the final state of a perfected person is (moksha).
ashtavadhani [aṣṭāvadhānin / avadhānī] ma scholar with a phenomenal memory who can do eight things at the same time.
asteya [asteya] n non-stealing, one of the five yamas (YS 2.30).
asura [asura] m demon.
asuric - see asura
atithi yajna [āthityayajña] m the victim of hospitality.
atma bala [ātmabala] n strong will. He must glorify the power of his own strong will (ātma bala).
atma bhava [ātmabhāva] m the feeling that everything is oneself has entered a state of pure self-awareness.
Atma Bodha [ātmabodha] m the awakening to the reality of the self, title of a work ascribed to Śaṅkarācārya.
atma chintana [ātmacintana] n thinking about the self.
atma jnana [ātmajñāna] n the knowledge of the self and the knowledge of the self, which according to the Vedānta are necessary for a knowledge of God.
atma nivedana [ātmanivedana] n surrender of self (to God).
atma (n) [ātman] m the (real) self, the divinity inherent in man.
atma vichara [ātmavicāra] m exploring the self.
atmic - see ātman
avadhuta [avadhūta] m one who has shaken off (everything worldly): ascetic, naked.
avarana [āvaraṇa] n covering / concealing, concealment; "Veil of Ignorance".
avastha [avasthā] f state, situation, stage.
avatar [avatāra] m descent, incarnation (of God); the ten classical incarnations of Viṣṇu: matsya (fish), kūrma (turtle), varāha (boar), narasiṃha (male lion), Vāmana (dwarf), Paraśurāma, Rāma, Kṛṣṇa, Buddha, Kalki.
avidya [avidyā] f ignorance.
avihita [avihita] - forbidden.
avinas (h) i (n) [avināśin] - not corrupting, imperishable.
avyaktam [avyakta] - unmanifest; n the unmanifest, the hidden, the latent.
avyavahara [avyavahāra] m improper practice. atman is nishkriya, akarta, niravayava and avyavahara (without activity).
avyaya [avyaya] - immutable, immortal.
Ayah - Foster mother, nanny.
Ayodhya [Ayodhyā] f Capital of Rāma's empire, a city that is impregnable, an imperturbable fortress.
Ayurveda [āyurveda] m "knowledge of life" - traditional ind. Medicine.
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