When was the German flag adopted?

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National flag of Germany

The national flag of Germany is black-red-gold. Their tradition goes back to the beginning of the 19th century.

The national flag of Germany is black-red-gold. The German flag was officially adopted with the Basic Law on May 23, 1949.

Appearance of the German national flag

The German national flag is a tricolor with a horizontal division. The three bars are each the same size. The upper stripe is black, the middle bar is red and the lower one is gold or yellow.
The colors of the federal flag have been defined briefly and succinctly in Article 22, Paragraph 2 of the Basic Law of May 23, 1949. In the Basic Law it says: The federal flag is black, red and gold. A more precise definition of the flag colors was not made in 1949.

Only in the following year was the exact division determined and the aspect ratio fixed at 3: 5. In 1996 a flag arrangement followed (FlaggAnO 1996) in which it was stipulated that the German national flag could also be displayed in the form of a banner. In 1999 the exact colors for the German flag were determined on the basis of a decision by the Federal Cabinet.

Meaning of the colors of the German flag

One of the origins of the black, red and gold colors of today's flag can be found in the Wars of Liberation against Napoleon in 1813. The uniforms of the L├╝tzow Freikorps, which mostly consisted of students, had these colors. The volunteers for this volunteer corps came from all over Germany, the uniforms they brought with them were dyed black. There were also gold (brass-colored) buttons as well as red lapels and a push. From this time there is also a historically proven saying:
From the blackness of bondage through bloody (red) battles to the golden (gold) light of freedom.

History of the black, red and gold national flag

Later the colors black, red and gold continued to be used as national colors for Germany. A national assembly met in Frankfurt am Main in 1848, which fixed a flag with the horizontal colors black, red and gold. Revolutionaries of the years 1848/49 also chose a vertically striped black, red and gold tricolor based on the French flag.
However, this tricolor had to give way to the black-white-red flag of the North German Confederation or the German Empire (Kaiserreich). It was not until 1919 that the black, red and gold flag became the German national flag again in the Weimar Republic.

German national flag this and that

Similarity to Belgian flag

The German national flag is very similar to the Belgian national flag. The similarity is probably a coincidence, apart from the fact that Belgium was also based on the French tricolor.

Afghan flag

The black, red and gold flag is said to have influenced the Afghan King Amanullah Khan in 1928 to introduce a three-color flag with stripes in black, red and green (Afghan national flag).

Show the flag with football fans

Since the 2006 World Cup, German football fans have been happy to show the flag, provided the German national football team is successful. Even at the World Cup in their own country, car pennants appeared as well as large black, red and gold flags or body and face paintings in these colors. This was repeated at the 2010 World Cup.

Name of the German flag

The German national flag is also known as the federal flag. However, the German flag does not have its own name, such as the Dannebrog. Only in sailing circles is the German flag known colloquially as Adenauer (after the first German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer).
Names of flags

Germany jersey World Cup | Germany fan article Football World Cup 2018

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