What's going on at Alfa Romeo

GCE Ordinary Level

British educational certification

The O stage ( ordinary level ; official title: General education certificate: ordinary level ) is a subject-related qualification that is awarded as part of the general education certificate. It was introduced in place of the school leaving certificate in 1951 as part of an educational reform alongside the more in-depth and scientifically strict A-level (official designation of the qualification: General Certificate of Education - Advanced Level) in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. These three jurisdictions gradually replaced the O levels with the General Certificate of Secondary Education / GCSE (complete until 1988) and International Examinations for the General Secondary Education Certificate (IGCSE) over time. The Scottish equivalent was the O-note (replaced by the standard note). The O-Level qualification will continue to be held by CIE Cambridge International Examinations, the international counterpart of the UK OCR (Oxford, Cambridge and Royal Society of Arts) examination board [1], Educational qualifications are awarded at selected locations instead of or in addition to the International General Certificate of Secondary. Both CIE and OCR have Cambridge Assessment as their parent organization. [1] However, the Cambridge O Level has already been discontinued and is no longer available in certain administrative regions.[2]

Current usage [edit]

Bangladesh [edit]

In Bangladesh, the O-Level qualification is offered, with Cambridge International Examinations (CIE) taking exams on the British Council's board of directors. The O-Level qualification is a substitute for the matriculation qualification (SSC) offered by state education authorities. However, because of the high cost associated with Level O qualifications, their reach is limited to middle to elite families.

Brunei [edit]

In Brunei, the O-Level qualification is offered with exams administered by Cambridge International Examinations (CIE).

A range of subjects including English, Bahasa Melayu (Malay Language), Malay Literature, Islamic Religious Knowledge, Ulum al-Quran, Hafaz al-Quran, Tafsir al-Quran (Asas), History, Geography, Pure Sciences (Physics, Chemistry and Biology), Arabic, Art and Design, offer exam papers and curricula that are unique to Brunei. In addition, the subject of mathematics (curriculum D) previously offered an examination paper and a curriculum unique to Brunei. However, this has since been discontinued and the regular curriculum used worldwide is offered. This now corresponds to secondary school.

India [edit]

In India, Cambridge International Examinations (CIE) GCE Ordinary level qualifications are offered at private and international schools as an alternative to the traditional Indian School Certificate (ISC). [3] [4]

Malaysia [edit]

In Malaysia, the O-Level qualification is called Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia ( SPM , Malaysian Education Certificate), whereby the exams are provided by the Malaysian Examination Syndicate ( Lembaga Peperiksaan Malaysia ) be performed. The exams were previously conducted by the University of Cambridge's UCLES (Local Examinations Syndicate), which continues to advise the national examination board on standards.

The English-language subject was previously offered with an exam paper and curriculum only available in Malaysia. However, this Malaysia-specific qualification has expired and the English language exam papers and curricula used regularly around the world are now being used in the country. The English work is graded separately by the National Board of Examiners and UCLES, and both grades are shown on the result sheet.

Mauritius [edit]

In Mauritius, the O-Level qualification is awarded as part of the school certificate awarded after successfully completing Form V in secondary school. The O-Level exams are run jointly by the Mauritius Examinations Syndicate and the Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES) at Cambridge University. The International General Certificate of Secondary Education from Edexcel is also offered as an equivalent alternative qualification, for which the registration of the examination can be done via the Mauritius Examinations Syndicate.

A range of subjects including English, English (Curriculum B), History, Maths (Curriculum A), Mathematics (Curriculum D) offer exam papers and curricula only available in Mauritius. In addition, the theme of art and design, which is limited to a limited geographic region, is available in Mauritius.

Pakistan [edit]

The GCE O Level qualification is offered in Pakistan by the CIE and administered by the British Council. Because of the high cost associated with O-Level qualifications, their reach is limited to middle to elite families.

Seychelles [edit]

In the Seychelles, the O-Level qualification is offered with exams administered by Cambridge International Examinations (CIE). Some subjects are unique to Seychelles or have a format, curriculum, or curriculum that is unique to Seychelles.

Singapore [edit]

In Singapore, the O-Level qualification is offered jointly by Cambridge International Examinations (CIE) and the Singapore Ministry of Education. Exams are primarily run by the CIE, with selected subject exams being run by the Singapore Ministry of Education, including selected native language subjects such as Chinese, Malay, and Tamil, as well as humanities subjects related to the social sciences.

A number of subjects previously offered exam papers and curricula only in Singapore, but these have now been retired or are due to be phased out. After graduating from high school, some Singapore students take the GCE Advanced Level exams, also identified by Cambridge International Examinations. In 2024, both the O-levels and the N-levels for a new local examination will expire.

Sri Lanka [edit]

The GCE Ordinary Level Qualification is offered by the British Council of the Sri Lanka School (BCS). [5] Previously, this qualification was jointly offered by Cambridge International Examinations and the Ministry of Education in Sri Lanka.

Zimbabwe [edit]

The GCE qualification for the ordinary level is offered by the Zimbabwe School Examinations Council (ZIMSEC). [6] This qualification was previously offered jointly by Cambridge International Examinations and the Ministry of Education in Zimbabwe.

Previous use [edit]

Caribbean [edit]

The O-Level qualification was previously awarded in the Caribbean. However, many Caribbean countries have now switched to awarding qualifications for the Caribbean Secondary School Certificate (CSEC) based on successful completion of the exams conducted by the Caribbean Examinations Council (CXC).

Hong Kong [edit]

The O-Level qualification was previously awarded in Hong Kong together with the Hong Kong version of the A-Level qualification. However, this was replaced by the Hong Kong Certificate of Education Examination (HKCEE), which was then replaced by the Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary Education (HKDSE). The HKCEE was previously compared to the O-Levels for comparable subjects, but with the introduction of the IGCSE (International General Certificate of Secondary Education) qualification, the equivalent qualification in Hong Kong was compared to the IGCSE.

United Kingdom

The GCE O Level qualification originated in the United Kingdom, where it was awarded as a secondary school diploma. It was primarily an exam-based qualification with a scoring system that has changed over the years. In the UK, O-Level qualifications were replaced in 1988 by the General Secondary Education Certificate (GCSE) and the International General Secondary Education Certificate (IGCSE).

See also [edit]

References [edit]